When the child is commanded to fasting

7290- أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الأَعْرَابِيُّ قَالَ‏:‏ أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبَّادِ الدِّبَرِيُّ قَالَ‏:‏ قَرَأْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِ الرَّزَّاقِ بْنِ هَمَّامٍ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ، قَالَ‏:‏ يُؤْمَرُ الصَّبِيُّ بِالصَّلاَةِ إِذَا عَرَفَ يَمِينَهُ مِنْ شِمَالْهِ، وَبِالصَّوْمِ إِذَا أَطَاقَهُ‏.‏


7290 – Abū Saʿīd Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ziyād al-Aʿrābī.  He said: Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbbād al-Dibarī reported to us.  He said: I recited upon ʿAbd al-Razzāq b. Hammām from Maʿmar from Ayyūb from Ibn Sīrīn.  

He said: The child is commanded to the prayer when he has recognized his right from his left, and to the fasting when he can bear it.


7291- عَنِ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ خَالِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ، مِثْلَهُ‏.‏


7291 – al-Thawrī from Khālid from Ibn Sīrīn likewise.


7292- عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، وَقَتَادَةَ، مِثْلَهُ‏.‏


7292 – Maʿmar from al-Zuhrī and Qatāda likewise.


7293- عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، وَمَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ قَالَ‏:‏ كَانَ أَبِي يَأْمُرُ الصِّبْيَانَ بِالصَّلاَةِ إِذَا عَقَلُوهَا، وَالصِّيَامِ إِذَا أَطَاقُوهُ‏.‏


7293 – Ibn Jurayj and Maʿmar from Hishām b. ʿUrwa.  He said: My father would command the children to the prayer when they had apprehended it, and to the fasting when they were could bear it.


7294- أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، قَالَ‏:‏ يُؤْمَرُ الْغُلاَمُ بِالصَّلاَةِ قَبْلَ الصِّيَامِ لأَنَّ الصَّلاَةَ هِيَ أَهْوَنُ‏.‏


7294 – Ibn Jurayj reported to us from ʿAṭā.  He said: The boy is commanded to the prayer before the fasting, for the prayer is easier.


7295- عَنِ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي رَجَاءٍ، عَنْ مَكْحُولٍ قَالَ‏:‏ يُضْرَبُ عَلَيْهَا لِعَشْرِ سِنِينَ، وَيُؤْمَرُ بِهَا لِسَبْعِ سِنِينَ‏.‏


7295 – al-Thawrī from Abū Rajā from Makḥūl.  He said: He is struck upon it at ten years and commanded to it at seven years.


7296- عَنِ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ مُغِيرَةَ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ‏:‏ كَانَ يُؤْمَرُ الصَّبِيُّ بِالصَّلاَةِ إِذَا أَثْغَرَ‏.‏


7296 – al-Thawrī from Mughīra from Ibrāhīm.  He said: The child would be commanded to the prayer when he had shed his baby teeth.


7297- عَنِ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ مَرْزُوقٍ قَالَ‏:‏ سَأَلْتُ ابْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ مَتَى تُكْتَبُ عَلَى الْجَارِيَةِ الصَّلاَةُ‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ إِذَا حَاضَتْ قَالَ‏:‏ قُلْتُ‏:‏ فَالْغُلاَمُ‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ إِذَا احْتَلَمَ‏.‏


7297 – al-Thawrī from Marzūq.  He said: I asked Ibn al-Musayyab when is the prayer decreed for (lit. written upon) the girl?  

He said: When she has menstruated.  

He said: I said: And the boy?  

He said: When he has had a wet dream.


7298- عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ، قَالَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنِي حُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ، قَالَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنِي أُمُّ يَاسِينَ خَادِمُ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَ يَقُولُ‏:‏ أَيْقِظُوا الصَّبِيَّ يُصَلِّي، وَلَوْ بِسَجْدَةٍ‏.‏


7298 – Ibn al-Mubārak said: Ḥusayn b. ʿAbdullāh narrated to me.  He said: Umm Yāsīn the servant of Ibn ʿAbbās narrated to me that Ibn ʿAbbās would say: Wake the children to pray, even if (only) a sajda.


7299- عَنِ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ قَالَ‏:‏ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ‏:‏ حَافِظُوا عَلَى أَبْنَائِكُمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ‏.‏


7299 – al-Thawrī from al-Aʿmash from ʿUmāra from Abū al-Aḥwaṣ.  He said: ʿAbdullāh said: Watch over your children in the prayer.


7300- عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ لُبَيْبَةَ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ‏:‏ إِذَا صَامَ الْغُلاَمُ ثَلاَثَةَ أَيَّامٍ مُتَتَابِعَةً، فَقَدْ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ صِيَامُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ‏.‏


7300 – Ibn Jurayj from Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Lubayba from his grandfather that the Prophet صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ said: When the boy has fasted three consecutive days (then) the fast of the month of Ramaḍān has become obligatory upon him.