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Regarding how many times the wuḍū is

Translator’s note: In these narrations, the wuḍū being done once, twice, or thrice is referring to how many times the parts of the wuḍū are done, e.g. how many times one washes the face and arms.


54- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي حَيَّةَ، قَالَ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ عَلِيًّا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَنْقَى كَفَّيْهِ، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَذِرَاعَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ، ثُمَّ غَسَلَ قَدَمَيْهِ إلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ، ثُمَّ قَامَ فَشَرِبَ فَضْلَ وَضُوئِهِ، ثُمَّ قَالَ‏:‏ إنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أُرِيَكُمْ طُهُورَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم‏.‏


54 – Abū al-Aḥwaṣ narrated to us from Abū Isḥāq from Abū Ḥayya.  He said: I saw ʿAlī do wuḍū.  He cleansed his hands, then he washed his face thrice and his forearms thrice, and he wiped his head.  Then he washed his feet up to the ankles, then he stood and drank the leftover of his wuḍū water.

Then he said: I only wanted to show you the purification of the Messenger of God صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم‏.


56- حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ، قَالَ‏:‏ حدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ حُمْرَانَ، قَالَ‏:‏ دَعَا عُثْمَانَ بِمَاءٍ، فَتَوَضَّأَ ثُمَّ ضَحِكَ، فَقَالَ‏:‏ أَلاَ تَسْأَلُونِي مِمَّا أَضْحَكُ‏؟‏ قَالُوا‏:‏ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَا أَضْحَكَك‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ كَمَا تَوَضَّأْتُ فَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ وَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَيَدَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَظَهْرِ قَدَمَيْهِ‏.


56 – Muḥammad b. Bishr narrated to us.  He said: Saʿīd b. Abī ʿArūba narrated to us from Qatāda from Muslim b. Yasār from Ḥumrān.  He said: ʿUthmān called for some water. So he did wuḍū, then he laughed.

He said: Shall you not ask me what I laughed about?

They said: O Commander of the Believers, what made you laugh?

He said: I saw the Messenger of God صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم do wuḍū as I did wuḍū.  He rinsed his mouth and rinsed his nose, and he washed his face thrice and his arms thrice, and he wiped his head and the top of his feet.


57- حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ؛ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ فَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَيَدَيْهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ‏.


57 – Ibn ʿUyayna narrated to us from ʿAmr b. Yaḥyā from his father from ʿAbdullāh b. Zayd that the Prophet صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم did wuḍū, so he washed his face thrice and his arms twice, and he wiped his head and his feet twice.


58- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ؛ أَنَّ رَجُلاً سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ‏؟‏ فَدَعَا بِمَاءٍ، فَتَوَضَّأَ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا، ثُمَّ قَالَ‏:‏ هَكَذَا الطُّهُورُ، فَمَنْ زَادَ، أَوْ نَقَصَ فَقَدْ تَعَدَّى، أًوْظَلَمَ‏.‏


58 – Abū Amāma narrated to us from Sufyān from Mūsā b. Abī ʿĀ’isha from ʿAmr b. Shuʿayb from his father from his grandfather that a man asked the Prophet صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم about the wuḍū.  So he called for some water, and he did wuḍū thrice.

Then he said: Thus is the purification.  So whoever increases or decreases then he has infringed, or he has done wrong.


60- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ حَسَنِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ الْمُرَادِيِّ، أَبِي كِبْرَانََ، قَالَ‏:‏ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ خَيْرٍ الْهَمْدَانِيَّ يَقُولُ‏:‏ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ‏:‏ أَلاَ أُرِيكُمْ وُضُوءَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم‏؟‏ ثُمَّ تَوَضَّأَ ثَلاَثًا، ثَلاَثًا‏.‏


60 – Wakīʿ narrated to us from Ḥasan b. ʿUqba al-Murādī from Abū Kirdān.  He said: I heard ʿAbd al-Khayr al-Hamdānī saying: ʿAlī said: Shall I show you the wuḍū of the Messenger of God صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم?  Then he did wuḍū thrice.


65- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ حَجَّاجٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ؛ أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ تَوَضَّأَ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ مَسْحَةً، وَغَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ غَسْلاً، ثُمَّ قَالَ‏:‏ هَكَذَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ‏.‏


65 – Abū Muʿawiya narrated to us from Ḥajjāj from ʿAṭā that ʿUthmān did wuḍū thrice, and he wiped his head with (a single) wiping, and he washed his feet with (a single) washing.  Then he said: Thus did I see the Messenger of Allah صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم do wuḍū.


66- حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، قَالَ‏:‏ قُلْتُ لَهُ‏:‏ حُدَّثْتَ عَنْ جَابِرٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً‏؟‏ قَالَ‏:‏ نَعَمْ‏.‏


66 – Sharīk narrated to us from Thābit from Abū Jaʿfar.  He said: I said to him: You narrated from Jābir that the Prophet صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم did wuḍū one time?  He said: Yes.


69- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ، عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ عُمَرَ، قَالَ‏:‏ فِي الْمَضْمَضَةِ، وَالاِسْتِنْشَاقِ، وَغَسْلِ الْوَجْهِ، وَغَسْلِ الْيَدَيْنِ وَالرِّجْلَيْنِ ثْنَتَانِ تُجْزئِانِ، وَثَلاَثٌ أَفْضَلُ‏.‏


69 – Abū Khālid narrated to us from Hishām from al-Ḥasan from ʿUmar.  He said regarding the mouth-rinsing, the nose-rinsing, the washing of the face, and the washing of the arms and feet, twice suffices and thrice is best.


71- حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ، قَالَ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ أَبِي لَيْلَى تَوَضَّأَ فَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْشَقَ مَرَّةً، أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ، وَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَذِرَاعَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا، وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ وَغَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا، وَلَمْ أَرَهُ خَلَّلَ لِحْيَتَهُ، ثُمَّ قَالَ‏:‏ هَكَذَا رَأَيْتُ عَلِيًّا تَوَضَّأَ‏.‏


71 – Jarīr narrated to us from Yazīd.  He said: I saw ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Abī Laylā do wuḍū.  He rinsed his mouth and rinsed his nose once or twice, and he washed his face thrice and his forearms thrice, and he wiped his head and washed his feet thrice.  And I did not see him run (the water) through his beard.

Then he said: Thus did I see ʿAlī do wuḍū.


73- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ إسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ إبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ تَوَضَّأَ فِي دَارِ النَّدْوَةِ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً‏.‏


73 – Abū Muʿāwiya narrated to us from Yaḥyā b. Saʿīd from Ismāʿīl b. Ibrāhīm.  He said: I saw Ibn ʿAbbās do wuḍū in Dār al-Nadwa once.


74- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرِِِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عْن عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ غَرْفَةً غَرْفَةً‏.‏


74 – Abu Khālid al-Aḥmar narrated to us from Ibn ʿAjlān from Zayd b. Aslam from ʿAṭā b. Yasār from Ibn ʿAbbas that the Prophet صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم did wuḍū with a single scooping.


75- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ إسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ تَوَضَّأَ مَرَّتَيْنِ، قَالَ عَامِرٌ‏:‏ وَفَعَلَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ‏.‏


75 – Wakīʿ narrated to us from Isrā’īl from Jābir from al-Shaʿbī that ʿUmar did wuḍū twice.  ʿĀmir said: And Abū Bakr did it.


76- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، وَالْفَضْلُ قَالاَ‏:‏ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، قَالَ‏:‏ رَأَيْتُ سَالِمَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ تَوَضَّأَ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً‏.‏


76 – Wakīʿ and al-Faḍl narrated to us.  They said: Sufyān narrated to us from ʿĀṣim b. ʿUbaydullāh.  He said: I saw Sālim b. ʿAbdullāh do wuḍū once.


77- حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرِِِ، وَابْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، عَنْ إبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ‏:‏ يُجْزِئُكَ مِنَ الْوُضُوءِ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ، وَإِنْ ثَلَّثْتَ فَقَدْ أَسْبَغْت‏.‏


77 – Abū Khālid al-Aḥmar and Ibn al-Fuḍayl narrated to us from al-Ḥasan b. ʿUbaydullāh from Ibrāhīm.  He said: Twice suffices you for the wuḍū, and if you did it thrice then you have thoroughly performed it.


78- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ إسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، قَالَ‏:‏ الْوُضُوءُ وِتْرٌ‏.‏


78 – Wakīʿ narrated to us from Isrā’īl from Jābir from Abū Jaʿfar.  He said: The wuḍū is odd-numbered.


81- حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ ثَوْبَانَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ هُرْمُزَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ؛ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم تَوَضَّأَ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ‏.‏


81 – Zayd b. al-Ḥubāb narrated to us from ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Thawbān from ʿAbdullāh b. al-Faḍl from ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Hurmuz from Abū Hurayra that the Messenger of God صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم did wuḍū twice.


82- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَابِرٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، قَالَ‏:‏ الْوُضُوءُ مَرَّةٌ وَمَرَّتَانِ وَثَلاَثٌ‏.‏


82 – Wakīʿ narrated to us from Sufyān from ʿAbdullāh b. Jābir from al-Ḥasan.  He said: The wuḍū is once, twice, and thrice.


83- حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، قَالَ حَدْثَناَ دَاوُدَ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مِقْسَمٍ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ‏:‏ أَمَّا مَنْ كَانَ يُحْسِنُ الْوُضُوءَ فَمَرَّةٌ مَرَّةٌ‏.‏


83 – Wakīʿ narrated to us.  He said: Dāwūd b. Qays narrated to us from ʿUbaydullāh b. Miqsam from al-Qāsim.  He said: As to someone who has done the wuḍū well, then it is once.