Hadith‎ > ‎Āmālī Aḥmad b. ʿĪsā‎ > ‎Prayer‎ > ‎

The key of the prayer, its taḥrīm, and its taḥlīl

أخبرنا محمد، قال: حدثنا جبارة بن مغلس، قال: حدثنا مندل، عن أبي سفيان نصر بن طريف، عن أبي نضرة، عن أبي سعيد، قال: قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم-: ((مفتاح الصلاة الطهور، وتحريمها التكبير، وتحليلها التسليم، ولا تجزئ صلاة لا يُقرأ فيها بفاتحة الكتاب وقرآن معها)).


Jubāra b. Mughallis narrated to us from Mindal from Abū Sufyān Naṣr b. Ṭurayf from Abū Naḍra from Abū Saʿīd.  He said: The Messenger of God صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: The key of the prayer is the purification, its taḥrīm is the takbīr, and its taḥlīl is the taslīm.  And no prayer suffices in which the Fātiḥa of the Book and a Qur’ān with is not recited.

Translator’s note: meaning after pronouncing the takbīr, it is now made ḥarām (taḥrīm) to talk and do things that are extraneous to the prayer since it has commenced, and after the taslīm it is now made ḥalāl (taḥlīl) as the prayer has finished.


وبه قال: أخبرنا أبو هشام، قال: حدثنا يونس بن بكير، قال: حدثني سعيد بن ميسرة، قال: سمعت أنس بن مالك قال: كان النبي -صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم- إذا رفع يديه في الصلاه لم يجاوز رأسه وقال: ((إن الشيطان حين أخرج من الجنه رفع يديه فوق رأسه)).


Abū Hāshim reported to us.  He said: Yūnus b. Bukayr narrated to us.  He said: Saʿīd b. Maysara narrated to me.  He said: I heard Anas b. Mālik, he said: When the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم would raise his hands in the prayer he would not go past his head, and he said: When Shayṭān went out from the Garden he raised his hands above his head.