151-200

[151] وسألته عن الماشية تكون لرجل فيموت بعضها ، أيصلح له بيع جلودها ودباغها ويلبسها ؟

قال : « لا ، وإن لبسها فلا يصلي فيها ».


151 – And I asked him about the livestock that the man has, and one of them dies.  Is selling its hide and tanning it and wearing it appropriate for him?  

He said: No, and if he wears it then he is not to pray in it.


[152] وسألته عن الدابة ، أيصلح أن يضرب وجهها أو يسمها بالنار ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


152 – And I asked him about the riding animal, is it appropriate to strike its face or brand it with fire?

He said: There is no harm.


[153] وسألته عن الرجل ، أيصلح أن يأخذ من لحيته ؟

قال : « أما من عارضيه فلا بأس ، وأما من مقدمها فلا يأخذ » .


153 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to trim (lit. take from) his beard?  

He said: As to from its sides, then there is no harm.  And as to from its front, then he is not to trim.


[154] وسألته عن أخذ الشارب من السنة هو ؟ .

قال : « نعم » .


154 – And I asked him about trimming the mustache, is it from the Sunna?

He said: Yes.


[155] وسألته عن النثر للسكر في العرس أو غيره ، أيصلح اكله ؟

قال : « يكره اكل ما انتهب » .


155 – And I asked him about scattering for sugar in the wedding or other than it, is eating it appropriate?

He said: It is disliked to eat what is snatched away (?).


[156] وسألته عن جعل الآبق والضالة ، أيصلح ؟ .

قال : « لا بأس » .


156 – And I asked him about the wages of the fugitive (slave) and the astray, is it appropriate?

He said: No.


[157] وسألته عن بيع الولاء ، يحل ؟

قال : « لا » .


157 – And I asked him about the selling the clients, is it lawful?

He said: No.


[158] وسألته عن الرجل ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي في المسجد والتور أمامه فيه النضوح أو غيره ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


158 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to pray in the mosque while the tawr (a small vessel from which one drinks) in which there is naduh (a kind of perfume that is made in nabidh) or other than it is in front of him?

He said: There is no harm.


[159] وسألته عن الرجل ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي في مسجد (حيطانه كوى كله ) ـ قبلته وجانباه ـ وامرأة تصلي حياله يراها ولا تراه ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


159 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to pray in the mosque [whose walls are all aperture (?)] – its qibla and its sides – while a woman is praying in view of him, he seeing her while she does not see him?

He said: There is no harm. 


[160] وسألته عن المرأة تكون في صلاتها قائمة يبكي ابنها إلى جنبها ، هل يصلح لها أن تتناوله فتحمله وهي قائمة ؟

قال : « لا تحمله وهي قائمة » .


160 – And I asked him about the woman who is standing in her salat, her son crying to her side, is it appropriate for her to pick him up and carry him while she is standing?

He said: She does not carry him while she is standing.


[161] وسألته عن الاضحية ؟

قال : « ضح بكبش أملح أقرن فحلا سميناً ، فإن لم تجد كبشاً سميناً فمن فحولة المعزى وموجوء من الضأن أو المعزى ، فإن لم تجد فنعجة من الضأن سمينة .

وكان علي عليه السلام يقول : ضح بثني فصاعدا ، واشتره سليم الاذنين والعينين .

واستقبل القبلة ، وقل حين تريد أن تذبح : وجهت وجهي للذي فطر السماوات والأرض حنيفاً مسلماً وما أنا من المشركين إن صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي لله رب العالمين ، لا شريك له وبذلك امرت وأنا من المسلمين ، اللهم منك ولك ، اللهم تقبل مني ، بسم الله الذي لا إله إلا هو والله اكبر ، وصلى الله على محمد وعلى أهل بيته ، ثم كل وأطعم ».


161 – And I asked him about the sacrifice (al-udhiyya).

He said: Sacrifice a horned amlah (whose white color is mixed with black) ram, excellent (and) fat.  So if you did not find a fat ram, than from a choice goat, and a castrated one from the sheep or the goat.  So if you did not find (it), then a fat female from the sheep.

And `Ali عليه السلام used to say: Sacrifice a two year old and up, and purchase it as one sound of ears and eyes.

And face the qibla, and say when you want to slaughter: “By the name of Allah, I have faced my face to the one who created the heavens and the Earth, as a Hanif, as a Muslim, and I am not from the mushrikeen, verily my salat, and my rites, and my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds, Allahumma from You and for You.  Allahumma, accept from me.  By the name of Allah, the one who there is no god but Him, and Allah is most great.  And may Allah send benedictions upon Muhammad and upon the people of his house.”  Then eat, and feed.


[162] وسألته عن التكبير في أيام التشريق ؟

[قال : ] « يوم النحر صلاة الاولى إلى آخر أيام التشريق من صلاة العصر يكبر ، يقول : الله أكبر الله اكبر لا إله إلا الله والله اكبر ولله الحمد ، الله أكبر على ما هدانا ، الله اكبر على ما رزقنا من بهيمة الأنعام ».


162 – And I asked him about the takbir on the days of Tashriq.

[He said:] One does takbir on the day of slaughter, (from) the first salat until the end of the days of Tashriq from the salat of `asr, saying “Allah is most great, Allah is most great, there is no god except Allah, and Allah is most great, and praise be to Allah, Allah is most great upon what He has gifted us, Allah is most great upon what He has provided us from the beasts of cattle.”


[163] وسألته عن الرجل يكون لولده الجارية ، أيطؤها ؟

قال : « إن أحب أن يقومها على نفسه قيمة ، ويشهد شاهدين على نفسه بثمنها ، فيطؤها إن أحب ، وإن كان لولده مال وأحب أن يأخذ منه فليأخذ ، وإن كانت الام حية فلا احب أن يأخذ منه شيئاً إلا قرضاً ».


163 – And I asked him about the man whose son has a slave-girl, can he have intercourse with her?

He said: If he likes to be in charge of her (?) himself as a guardian, and testifies to two witnesses upon himself of her price (trans. unclear), and he has intercourse if he likes.  And if his son has wealth and he like to take from it, then he is to take it.  And if the mother is alive, then I do not like for him to take anything from him except as a loan.


[164] وسألته عن الرجل يذبح على غير قبلة ؟

قال : « لا بأس إذا لم يتعمد ، وإن ذبح ولم يسم فلا بأس أن يسمي إذا ذكر بسم الله على أوله واخره ثم ياكل ».


164 – And I asked him about the man who slaughters (in a direction) other than the qibla.

He said: There is no harm when he did not so do on purpose.  And if he slaughtered and did not pronounce the name (of Allah), then there is no harm with him pronouncing the name when he remembers “By the name of Allah upon its beginning and its end” then he eats.


[165] وسألته عن الزكاة ، أيعطاها من له المائة ؟

قال : « نعم ، ومن له الدار والعبد ، فإن الدار ليس نعدها مالا ».


165 – And I asked him about the zakat, is someone who has a hundred given it?

He said: Yes, and someone who has the home and the servant, for we do not count the home as wealth.


[166] وسألته عن الحائض ؟

قال : « يشرب من سؤرها ولا يتوضأ منه ».


166 – And I asked him about the menstruating woman.

He said: One drinks from her su’r (the leftover of water from which she has drunk), but does not do wudu from it.


[167] وسألته عن المملوك ، يعطى من الزكاة ؟

قال : « لا ».


167 – And I asked him about the slave, is he given to from the zakat?

He said: No.


[168] وسألته عن الصرورة ، يحجه الرجل من الزكاة ؟

قال : « نعم ، وليس ينبغي لأهل مكة أن يمنع الحاج شيئاً من الدور ينزلونها ».


168 – And I asked him about the sarura (a man who has not performed hajj), does the man (sponsor him to) go on hajj from the zakat?

He said: Yes, and it is not appropriate for the people of Mecca to prevent the pilgrim from anything of the homes to lodge in.


[169] وسألته عن قول الله عز وجل : ( اذكروا الله كثيراً ) قال : قلت : من ذكر الله مائتي مرة ، كثير هو ؟

قال : « نعم ».


169 – And I asked him about the saying of Allah عز وجل “And mention Allah much” (8:45, 62:10).  He said: I said: Someone who mentioned Allah two hundred times, is it much?

He said: Yes.


[170] وسألته عن النوم بعد الغداة ؟

قال : « لا ، حتى تطلع الشمس » .


170 – And I asked him about the sleep after the ghada (fajr salat).

He said: No, not until the sun rises.


[171] قال : وذكر الخاتم .

قال : « إذا اغتسلت فحوله من مكانه وإذا توضأت فحوله من مكانه ، وإن نسيت حتى تقوم في الصلاة فلا امرك أن تعيد الصلاة » .


171 – He said: And he mentioned the ring.

He said: When you do ghusl switch it from its place, and when you do wudu switch it from its place.  And if you forgot until you are standing in salat, then I do not command you to repeat the salat.


[172] وذكر ذا القرنين قلت : عبدا كان أم ملكاً ؟ .

قال : « عبد أحب الله فأحبه ، ونصح لله فنصحه الله ».


172 – And he mentioned Dhu ‘l-Qarnayn.  I said: Was he a servant or an angel (or: a king)?

He said:  A servant who loved Allah so He loved him, and acted in good faith to Allah so Allah acted in good faith to him.


[173] وسألته عن الاختلاف في القضاء عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام في أشياء من الفروج إنه لم يأمر بها ولم ينه عنها إلا أنه نهى نفسه وولده ؛ فقلت : كيف يكون ذلك ؟

قال : « أحلتها اية ، وحرمتها آية » .

وقلت : هل يصلح إلا بأن إحداهما منسوخة أم هما محكمتان ينبغي أن نعمل بهما ؟

قال : « قد بين إذ نهى نفسه وولده ».

قلت له : فما منع أن يبين للناس ؟

قال : « خشي أن لا يطاع ، ولو أن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام ثبتت قدماه أقام كتاب الله كله ، والحق كله . وصلى حسن وحسين وراء مروان ونحن نصلي معهم ».


173 – And I asked him about the difference in judgment from Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام in things from the frontier regions (al-furuj), that he did not command it and did not prohibit it but that he prohibited (it to) himself and his children.  So I said: How is that?

He said: An aya made it lawful and an aya forbade it.

And I said: Is it not right that one of them is abrogated, or are they (both) muhkam, appropriate for us to act on?

He said: He had made it clear when he prohibited (it to) himself and his children.

I said to him: So what prevented him from making it clear for the people?

He said: He feared that he would not be obeyed.  And had the two feet of Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام been established he would have executed the entire book of Allah, and all of the truth.  And Hasan and Husayn prayed behind Marwan, and we pray with them.


[174] وسألته عمن يروي عنكم تفسيراً أو رواية عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله في قضاء أوطلاق ، أوعلي في شيء لم نسمعه قط من مناسك أو شبهه من غير أن يسمى لكم عدواً ، أيسعنا أن نقول في قوله : الله أعلم إن كان آل محمد يقولونه ؟

قال : « لا يسعكم حتى تستيقنوا ».


174 – And I asked him about someone who narrated an explanation or a narration from you from the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله regarding a judgment or a divorce, or `Ali regarding something which I have never heard from rites or its like without being called an enemy to you, can we say regarding his saying: Allah knows best if the family of Muhammad says it.

He said: You cannot until you become certain.


[175] وسألته عن نبي الله صلى الله عليه واله هل كان يقول على الله شيئا قط ، أو ينطق عن هوى ، أو يتكلف ؟

فقال : « لا » .

فقلت : أرأيت قوله لعلي عليه السلام : (من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه ) ، الله أمره به ؟

قال : « نعم » .

قلت : فأبرأ إلى الله ممن أنكر ذلك منذ يوم أمر به رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ؟

قال : « نعم ».

قلت : هل يسلم الناس حتى يعرفوا ذلك ؟

قال : « لا ، إلا المستضعفين من الرجال والنساء والولدان الذين لا يستطيعون حيلة ولا يهتدون سبيلاً » .

قلت : من هو ؟

قال : « أرأيتم خدمكم ونساءكم ممن لا يعرف ذلك أتقتلون خدمكم وهم مقرون لكم ؟ ».

وقال : « من عرض ذلك عليه فأنكره فأبعده الله وأسحقه لا خير فيه ».


175 – And I asked him about the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله, did he ever used say anything against (?) Allah or speak from whim, or fake?

So he said: No.

So I said: Do you regard that his saying to `Ali عليه السلام “Whoever I have been the master of, then `Ali is his master”, that Allah commanded him to (say) it?

He said: Yes.

I said: So I do acquit (myself) to Allah from whoever denied that from the day that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله commanded it?

 He said: Yes.

I said: Do the people submit (or: are they Muslim) until they recognize that?

He said: No, “except for the ones who are weakened from the men and the women and the children, who can devise nothing and are not guided to a way” (4:98)

I said: Who are they?

He said: Have you seen your servants and your women, from whom (they) do not recognize that, would you kill your servants while they are affirmed (?) for you?

And he said: One who that is presented to and he denies it, then may Allah make him remote and alienate (or: crush) him, there is no good in him.


[176] وسألته عن رجل يقول : إن اشتريت فلاناً فهو حر ، وإن اشتريت هذا الثوب فهو صدقة ، وإن نكحت فلانة فهي طلاق ؟

قال : « ليس ذلك بشيء ».


176 – And I asked him about a man saying: If I purchase so-and-so then he is free, and if I purchase this garment then it is a charity, and if I marry so-and-so then it is a divorce.

He said: That is nothing.


[177] وسألته عن الرجل يطلق امرأته في غير عدّة ؟

فقال : « ان ابن عمر طلق امرأته على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله وهي حائض ، فأمره رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله أن يراجعها ولم يحسب تلك التطليقة ».


177 – And I asked him about a man who the man who divorces his wife in other than an `idda.  

So he said: Ibn `Umar divorced his wife during the time of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله and she was menstruating.  So the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله commanded him to return to her, and that was not reckoned as divorce.


[178] وسألته عن الرجل يقول لامرأته : أنت علي حرام ؟

قال : « هي يمين يكفرها ، قال الله تعالى لمحمد صلى الله عليه واله : (يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضات ازواجك والله غفور رحيم قد فرض الله لكم تحلة ايمانكم والله موليكم ) فجعلها يميناً فكفرها نبي الله صلى الله عليه واله ».


178 – And I asked him about the man who says to his wife: You are forbidden (haram) to me.

He said: It is an oath which he atones for.   Allah تعالى said to Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله “O Prophet, why do you forbid what Allah has made lawful to you, seeking the good pleasure of your wives? And Allah is forgiving, merciful.  Allah has ordained for you the absolution of your oaths. And Allah is your Protector” (66:1-2) So He made it an oath and the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله atoned for it.


[179] وسألته بما يكفر يمينه ؟

قال : « إطعام عشرة مساكين » .

فقلت : كم أطعام كل مسكين ؟

فقال : « مدّ مدّ ».


179 – And I asked him about what atones ones (or: its) oath.

He said: Feeding ten poor people.

So I said: How much food for every poor person?

So he said: A mudd (for each).


[180] وسألته عن رجل أكل ربا لا يرى إلا أنه حلال ؟

قال : « لا يضره حتى يصيبه متعمداً فهو رباً » .


180 – And I asked him about a man who consumed usury, not regarding but that it is lawful (halal).

He said: It does not harm him until gets it on purpose, so it is usury.


[181] وسألته عن هذه الاية : (او كسوتهم ) للمساكين ؟

قال : « ثوب يواري به عورته » .


181 – And I asked him about this aya “or to clothe them” (5:89) for the poor people?

He said: A garment which conceals their private.


[182] وسألته عن رجل يقول : علي نذر ، ولا يسمي شيئاً ؟

قال : « ليس بشيء ».


182 – And I asked him about a man saying “A vow upon me” and he does not name anything.

He said: It is nothing.


[183] وسألته عن الصيام في الحضر ؟

قال : « ثلاثة أيام في كل شهر : الخميس في جمعة ، والأربعاء في جمعة ، والخميس في جمعة » .


183 – And I asked him about fasting in residence.

He said: Three days in every month: the Thursday in a Friday, the Wednesday in a Friday, and the Thursday in a Friday.


[184] وسألته عن الرجل يموت وله اُم ولد وله معها ولد ، أيصلح لرجل أن يتزوجها ؟

قال : « أخبرك ما أوصى علي عليه السلام في امهات الأولاد ؟ ».

قلت : نعم .

قال : « إن عليا أوصى : أيما امرأة منهن كان لها ولد فهي من نصيب ولدها ».


184 – And I asked him about the man who dies and who has an umm walad (a slave woman who has given birth for her master), and with her he has a child, is it appropriate for a man to marry her?

He said: Shall I inform you of what `Ali عليه السلام left behind regarding the ummahat al-awlad?

I said: Yes.

He said: `Ali left behind: Whichever woman from them has a child, then she is from the allocation of her child.


[185] وسألته عن كسب الحجام ؟

قال : « إن رجلاً أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله يسأل عنه ، فقال له : (هل لك الناضح ؟ ) قال : نعم ، قال : ( اعلفه إياه ) » .


185 – And I asked him about the earnings of the cupper.

He said: A man came to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله asking about it, so he said to him: Do you have a water bearing camel?  So he said: Yes.  So he said: Use it to fodder it.


[186] وسألته عن الرجل يتعمد الغناء يجلس إليه ؟

قال : « لا ».


186 – And I asked him about the man who intends singing, sitting down to it.

He said: No.


[187] وسألته عن الرجل يتصدق على ولده ، أيصلح له أن يردها ؟

قال : « قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله : (الذي يتصدق بصدقة ثم يرجع فيها مثل الذي يقيء ثم يرجع في قيئه ) ».


187 – And I asked him about the man who gives charity to his child, is it appropriate for him to take it back?

He said: The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله said: One who gives charity by a charity then returns in it is like the one who vomits then returns in his vomit.


[188] وسألته عن رجل يمر على ثمرة فياكل منها ؟

قال : « نعم ، قد نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله أن [ تستر الحيطان برفع بنائها ] ».


188 – And I asked him about the man who passes upon a fruit, so he eats from it.

He said: Yes, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله had prohibited for walls to be covered by the raising of its building.


[189] وسألته عن الرجل يعطى الأرض على أن يعمرها ويكري أنهارها بشيء معلوم ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


189 – And I asked him about the man who gives the land upon (the condition) that he will render it flourishing and dig (canals from) its rivers by something known.

He said: There is no harm.


[190] وسألته عن أهل الأرض ، أناكل في إنائهم إذا كانوا يأكلون الميتة والخنزير ؟

قال : « لا ، ولا في آنية الذهب والفضة».


190 – And I asked him about the people of the Earth (or: the land), do we eat in their vessels when they would eat the dead animal and the pig?

He said: No, and not in a vessel of gold and silver.


[191] وسألته عن الكبائر التي قال الله عزوجل : (إن تجتنبوا كبائر ماتنهون عنه ) ؟

قال : « التي أوجب الله عليها النار ».


191 – And I asked him about the great sins which Allah عزوجل said “If you avoid the great sins that you are forbidden” (4:31)

He said: That upon which Allah has obligated the Fire.


[192] وسألته عن الرجل يصرم أخاه أو ذا قرابته ممن لا يعرف الولاية ؟

قال : « إن لم يكن عليه طلاق أو عتق فليكلمه » .


192 – And I asked him about the man cuts off his brother or his relation who does not recognize walaya.

He said: If he does not have a divorce (?) or an emancipation upon him, then he is to talk to him.


[193] وسألته عمن يرى هلال شهر رمضان وحده لا يبصره غيره ، أله يصوم

قال : « إذا لم يشك فيه فليصم وحده (والا فليصم ) مع الناس إذا صاموا ».


193 – And I asked him about someone who sees the crescent of the month of Ramadan alone by himself, with no one other than him seeing it.  Is it (allowed) for him to fast?  

He said: When he did not doubt regarding it then he is to fast alone by himself, and otherwise he is to fast with the people when they fast.


[194] وسألته عن رجل طاف فذكر أنه على غير وضوء ، فكيف يصنع ؟

قال : « يقطع طوافه ، ولا يعتد بما طاف ، وعليه الوضوء » .


194 – And he asked him about a man who did tawaf and he remembered that he is was not upon wudu, how is he to act?

He said: He breaks his tawaf and does not count what tawaf he had done, and (doing) the wudu is (obligatory) upon him.


[195] وسألته عن الرجل ، أيصلح أن يلمس ويقبل وهو يقضي شهر رمضان ؟

قال : « لا » .


195 – And I asked him whether it is appropriate for the man to touch and kiss while he is doing qada of the month of Ramadan.  

He said: No.


[196] وسألته عن الرجل يمشي في العذرة وهي يابسة ، فتصيب ثيابه أو رجله ، أيصلح له أن يدخل المسجد فيصلي ولم يغسل ما أصابه ؟

قال : « إذا كان يابساً فلا بأس ».


196 – And I asked him about the man walking in dung while it is dry, so it comes in contact with his clothing or his leg, is it appropriate for him to enter the mosque and pray while he has not washed what contacted him.

He said: When it was dry then there is no harm.


[197] وسألته عن الرجل يؤذن أو يقيم وهو على غير وضوء أيجزيه ذلك ؟

قال : « أما الأذان فلا بأس ، وأما الإقامة فلا يقيم إلا على وضوء » .

قلت : فإن أقام وهو على غير وضوء أيصلي بإقامته ؟

قال : « لا ».


197 – And I asked him about man calling the adhan while he is not upon wudu, does that suffice him?

He said: As to the adhan there is no harm, and as to the iqama then he does not say the iqama except for upon wudu.

I said: So if he did not say the iqama while he was not upon wudu, does he pray with his iqama?

He said: No.


[198] وسألته عن الرجل يكسر بيض الحمام أو بعضه وفي البيض فراخ تتحرك ، ماعليه ؟

قال : « يتصدق عما تحرك منه بشاة ، يتصدق بلحمها إذا كان محرماً ، وإن لم يتحرك الفراخ تصدق بثمنه دراهم أو شبهه ، أو اشترى به علفا لحمام الحرم ».


198 – And I asked him about the man who breaks eggs of pigeons or one of them and in the eggs there were chicks moving, what is upon him?

He said: He gives charity of a ewe for what moves from it, and he gives charity of its meat if he was in ihram.  And if the chicks did not move, he gives charity of its price in dirhams or what is similar to it, or he purchases feed for the pigeons of the Haram by it.


[199] وسألته عن رجل أصاب بيض نعام فيه فراخ قد تحركت ، ماعليه ؟

قال : « لكل فرخ بعير ينحره بالمنحر ».


199 – And I asked him about a man who hit eggs of ostriches in which there were chicks that had moved, what is upon him?

He said: For every chick he slaughters a camel in the place of camel-slaughtering.


[200] وسألته عن النضوح يجعل فيه النبيذ أيصلح للمرأة أن تصلي وهو على رأسها ؟

قال : « لا حتى تغتسل منه » .


200 – And I asked him about the naduh (a kind of perfume) that is made in nabidh, is it appropriate for the woman to pray while it is on her head?  

He said: No, not until she washes from it.