351-400

[351] وسألته عن رجل يكون في صلاته وإلى جانبه رجل راقد فيريد أن يوقظه يسبح ويرفع صوته لا يريد إلا ليستيقظ الرجل ، هل يقطع ذلك صلاته ؟ أو ما عليه ؟

قال : « لا يقطع صلاته ، ولا شيء عليه ولا بأس به » .


351 – And I asked him about a man to whose side there is a sleeping man and he wants to wake him (by) doing tasbih and raising his voice, not wanting but to wake the man up.  Does that break his salat, or what is upon him?

He said: It does not break his salat, and there is nothing upon him, and there is no harm.


[352] وسألته عن رجل يكون في صلاته فيستأذن إنسان على الباب فيسبح ويرفع صوته ليسمع خادمه فتأتيه فيريها بيده أن على الباب إنسانا ، هل يقطع ذلك صلاته ؟ وما عليه ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


352 – And I asked him about a man who is in his salat, and a person asks permission at the gate (i.e. to enter).  So he does tasbih and raises his voice so that his servant will hear and come to him, and he will show her with his hand that there is a person at the gate.  Does that break his salat?  And what is upon him?

He said: There is no harm.


[353] وسألته عن الرجل يكون على غير وضوء فيصيبه المطر حتى يسيل رأسه وجبهته ويديه ورجليه ، هل يجزيه ذلك من الوضوء ؟

قال : « إن غسله فهو يجزيه ويتمضمض ويستنشق » .


353 – And I asked him about the man who is not upon wudu, and the rain pours on him until it flows on his head, his face, his arms and his feet.  Does that suffice him for the wudu?

He said: If it washed him then it suffices him, and he does the mouth-rinsing and does the nose-rinsing.


[354] وسألته عن الرجل الجنب هل يجزيه من غسل الجنابة أن يقوم في المطر حتى يسيل رأسه وجسده وهو يقدر على الماء سوى ذلك ؟

قال : « إن كان يغسله كما يغتسل بالماء أجزأه ذلك إلا أنه ينبغي له أن يتمضمض ويستنشق ، ويمر يده على ما نالت من جسده » .


354 – And I asked him about the man who becomes junub, does it suffice him for the ghusl to stand in the rain until he washes his head and his body, while he is able to obtain other than that?  

He said: If it washes him as he would do ghusl with water, that suffices him save that it behooves him to do the mouth-rinsing and the nose-rinsing, and that he pass his hand upon what it takes hold of his body.


[355] وسألته عن الرجل تصيبه الجنابة فلا يقدر على الماء فيصيبه المطر أيجزيه ذلك ؟ أو عليه التيمم ؟

فقال : « إن غسله أجزأه وإلا تيمم » .


355 – I asked him about the man whom janaba afflicts, and he is not able to obtain water.  So rain comes in contact with him, does that suffice him, or (is it) upon him (to do) tayammum?  

So he said: If it washes him it suffices him, otherwise he does tayammum.


[356] وسألته عن الرجل الجنب أو على غير وضوء لا يكون معه ماء وهو يصيب ثلجاً وصعيداً أيهما أفضل : التيمم ، أو يمسح بالثلج وجهه وجسده ورأسه ؟

قال : « الثلج إن بل رأسه وجسده أفضل ، فإن لم يقدر على أن يغتسل بالثلج فليتيمم » .


356 – And I asked him about the junub man, or who is not upon wudu, there being no water with him and he comes in contact with ice/snow and earth, which of them is better?  Tayammum or does he wipe his face and his body and his head with the snow?  

He said: The ice/snow, if it (or: he) moistens his face and his body, is better.  So if he is not able to able to do ghusl with it, then he is to do tayammum.


[357] وسألته عن الرجل ، أيصلح له أن يغمض عينيه متعمداً في صلاته ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


357 – And I asked him about the man, is it is appropriate for him to close his eyes on purpose in his salat?

He said: There is no harm.


[358] وسألته عن الرجل يكون في صلاته ، فيعلم أن ريحاً خرجت منه ولا يجد ريحاً ولا يسمع صوتاً ، كيف يصنع ؟

قال : « يعيد الصلاة والوضوء ، ولا يعتد بشيء مما صلى ، إذا علم ذلك يقيناً ».


358 – And I asked him about a man who is in his salat, then he knows that a wind has come out, but he does not find a scent and does not hear a sound, how does he act?  

He said: He repeats the salat and the wudu, and he does not deem (valid) anything of what he prayed if he knew that with certainty.


[359] وسألته عن رجل وجد ريحاً في بطنه ، فوضع يده على أنفه فخرج من المسجد متعمداً حتى خرجت الريح من بطنه ، ثم عاد إلى المسجد فصلى ولم يتوضاً ، أيجزيه ذلك ؟

قال : « لا يجزيه ذلك حتى يتوضأ ، ولا يعتد بشيء مما صلى ».


359 – And I asked him about who found a wind in his stomach, so he put his hand on his nose and exited out from the mosque on purpose until the wind exited out from his stomach.  Then he returned to the mosque and prayed and did not do wudu.  Does that suffice him?

He said: That does not suffice him until he does wudu, and he does not deem (valid) anything of what he prayed.


[360] وسألته عن القيام من التشهد في الركعتين الاوليين كيف هو ؟ يضع يديه وركبته على الارض ثم ينهض ؟ أو كيف يصنع ؟

قال : « كيف شاء فعل ولا بأس ».


360 – And I asked him about standing up from the tashahhud in the first two rak`at, how is it?  (Does) he put his hand and his knees on the ground then get up?  Or how does he act?

He said: However he wants he does so, and there is no harm.


[361] وسألته عن الرجل هل يجزيه أن يسجد فيجعل عمامته أو قلنسوته بين جبهته وبين الأرض ؟

قال : « لا يصلح حتى تقع جبهته على الأرض ».


361 – And I asked him about the man, does it suffice him to do sujud and put his turban or his cap between his forehead and the ground?

He said: It is not appropriate until his forehead lays on the ground. 


[362] وسألته عن رجل ترك ركعتي الفجر حتى دخل المسجد والامام قائم في الصلاة ، كيف يصنع ؟

قال : « يدخل في صلاة القوم ويدع الركعتين ، فإذا ارتفعت الشمس قضاهما ».


362 – And I asked him about a man who left off the two rak`at of dawn until he entered the mosque and the imam was standing in salat, how does he act?

He said: He enters in the salat of the group and leaves off the two rak`at.  So when the sun has risen he does their qada.


[363] وسألته عن الرجل ، هل يصلح له أن يرفع طرفه إلى السماء وهو في صلاته ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


363 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to raise his glance to the sky while he is in his salat?

He said: There is no harm.


[364] وسألته عن المرأة المغاضبة زوجها ، هل لها صلاة ؟ أو ما حالها ؟

قال : « لا تزال عاصية حتى يرضى عنها ».


364 – And I asked him about the woman whose husband is angry with her, does she have a salat?  Or what is her state?

He said: She does not cease to be disobedient until he is pleased with her.


[365] وسألته عن القوم يتحدثون حتى يذهب ثلث الليل أو اكثر ، أيهما أفضل : أيصلون العشاء جميعاً ، أو في غير جماعة ؟

قال : « يصلونها في جماعة أفضل ».


365 – And I asked him about group conversing until a third of the night or more has gone, which is best: do they pray `isha together, or not in congregation?

He said: Them praying it in congregation is best.


[366] وسألته عن الرجل يقرأ في الفريضة بسورة النجم يركع (بها أو يسجد ثم يقوم فيقرأ بغيرها) ؟

قال : « يسجد بها ثم يقوم فيقرأ بفاتحة الكتاب ثم يركع ، وذلك زيادة في الفريضة ، فلا يعودن يقرأ السجدة في فريضة ».


366 – And I asked him about the man reciting an-Najm in the obligatory (salat), doing ruku` with it or doing sujud, then reciting as-Sajda in the obligatory (salat)?

He said: He does sujud then he stands and recites the Fatiha of the Book, then he does ruku`, and that is an addition in the obligatory (salat), so he is not to return to reciting as-Sajda in the obligatory (salat).


[367] وسألته عن رجل يكون في صلاته فيظن أن ثوبه قد انخرق ، أو أصابه شيء ، هل يصلح له أن ينظر فيه ويفتشه وهو في صلاته ؟

قال : « إن كان في مقدم الثوب أو جانبيه فلا بأس ، وإن كان في مؤخره فلا يلتفت فإنه لا يصلح له »(.


367 – And I asked him about a man who is in his salat and he thinks that his garment has torn or something has contacted it, is it appropriate for him to look in it and examine it while he is in his salat?

He said: It was in the front of the garment or its sides then there is no harm, but if it was in its back then he is not to turn (around) for it is not appropriate for him.


[368] وسألته عن الرجل ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي خلف النخلة فيها حملها ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


368 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to pray behind the date palm in which there is its fruit.

He said: There is no harm.


[369] وسألته عن الرجل ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي في الكرم وفيه حمله ؟

قال : « لا بأس » .


369 – And I asked him about the man, is it appropriate for him to pray in the vineyard while its fruit is in it?

He said: There is no harm.


[370] وسألته عن رجل مس ظهر سنور ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي قبل أن يغسل يده ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


370 – And I asked him about a man who touched the back of a cat, is it appropriate for him to pray prior to washing his hand.

He said: There is no harm.


[371] وسألته عن إمام أم قوماً مسافرين ، كيف يصلي المسافرون ؟

قال : « يصلون ركعتين ويقوم الامام فيتم صلاته ، فإذا سلم وانصرف انصرفوا ».


371 – And I asked him about an imam leading a group who are travelers, how do the travelers pray?

He said: They pray two rak`at and the imam stands and completes his salat.  So when he has done taslim and departed, they depart.


[372] وسألته عن رجل ، هل يصلح له أن يصلي وأمامه حمار واقف ؟

قال : « يضع بينه وبينه قصبة أو عوداً أوشيئاً يقيمه بينهما ثم يصلي فلا بأس » .


372 – And I asked him about a man, is it appropriate for him to pray while there is a standing donkey in front of him?

He said: He puts a reed or a stick or something between him and it, standing it up, then he prays and there is no harm.


[373] وسألته عن رجل جعل ثلث حجته لميت وثلثها لحي ؟

قال : « للميت فنعم ، فأما الحي فلا ».


373 – And I asked him about a man who made a third of his hajj for a deceased (person) and a third of it for a living one.

He said: For the deceased then yes, but as to the living then no.


[374] وسألته عن رجل جعل عليه أن يصوم بالكوفة شهراً وبالمدينة شهراً وبمكة شهراً ، فصام أربعة عشر يوماً بمكة ، أله أن يرجع إلى أهله فيصوم ما عليه بالكوفة ؟

قال : « نعم لا بأس ، وليس عليه شيء ».


374 – And I asked him about a man who put (a vow) upon himself that he would fast a month in Kufa, a month in Medina, and a month in Mecca.  So he fasted fourteen days in Mecca.  Is it (allowed) for him to return to his family and fast what is (left) upon him in Kufa?

He said: Yes, there is no harm and there is nothing upon him.


[375] وسألته عن رجل زوج ابنته غلاماً فيه لين وأبوه لا بأس به ؟

قال : « إن لم تكن به فاحشة فيزوجه ـ يعني الخنث ـ ».


375 – And I asked him about a man who married his daughter to a boy (or: slave-boy) in whom there is softness, and his father has no problem with him.

He said: So long as there is no obscenity with him, then he is to marry him – meaning hermaphroditism (or: effeminateness).


[376] وسألته عن قوم أحرار ومماليك اجتمعوا على قتل مملوك ، ما حالهم ؟

قال : « يقتل من قتله من المماليك ، ويديه الأحرار ».


376 – And I asked him about a group of freemen and slaves who have convened upon the killing of a slave, what is their state?

He said: The ones who killed him from the slaves are killed, and the freemen pay his diyya.


[377] وسألته عن رجل قال : إذا مت ففلانة جاريتي حرة ، فعاش حتى ولدت الجارية أولاداً ثم مات ، ما حالهم ؟

قال : « عتقت الجارية ، وأولادها مماليك ».


377 – And I asked him about a man who said “When I have died, then my slave-girl so-and-so is free”.  So he lived until the slave-girl gave birth to children, then he died.  What is their state?

He said: The slave-girl is emancipated, and her children are slaves.


[378] وسألته عن الرجل يتوشح بالثوب فيقع على الأرض أو يجاوز عاتقه ، أيصلح ذلك ؟

قال : « لا بأس به ».


378 – And I asked him about the man who does tawasshuh with the garment (to put one’s garment under the right armpit and throw a portion of it over the left shoulder, as the muhrim does), so it falls on the ground or it goes past his shoulder, is that appropriate?

He said: There is no harm with it.


[379] وسألته عن الرجل يقول لمملوكه : يا أخي أو يا بني ، أيصلح ذلك ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


379 – And I asked him about the man who says to his slave “O my brother” or “O my son,” is that appropriate?

He said: There is no harm.


[380] وسألته عن الدابة تبول فيصيب بوله المسجد أو حائطه ، أيصلي فيه قبل أن يغسل ؟

قال : « إذا جف فلا بأس ».


380 – And I asked him about the riding animal that urinates and its urine comes in contact with the mosque or its wall, does one pray in it prior to being washed?

He said: If it dried then there is no harm.


[381] وسألته عن الرجل يجامع ويدخل الكنيف وعليه خاتم فيه ذكر الله ، أو شيء من القرآن ، أيصلح ذلك ؟

قال : « لا ».


381 – And I asked him about the man who has intercourse, and he enters the washroom while he has a ring on in which there is mention of Allah, or something from the Quran, is that appropriate?

He said: No.


[382] وسألته عن القعود والقيام والصلاة على جلود السباع ، وبيعها وركوبها ، أيصلح ذلك ؟

قال : « لا بأس ما لم يسجد عليها ».


382 – And I asked him about sitting and standing and salat upon the hides of predatory animals, and its sale, and riding (on) it, is that appropriate?

He said: There is no harm so long as one does not do sujud upon it.


[383] وسألته عن الرجل يكون عليه الصيام الأيام الثلاثة من كل شهر ، أيصومها قضاء وهو في شهر لم يصم أيامه ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


383 – And I asked him about the man upon whom there is the fasting of the three days from every month, does he fast it as a qada while he is in a month whose days one (or: he) does not fast?

He said: There is no harm.


[384] وسألته عن الرجل يؤخر الصوم الأيام الثلاثة من الشهر حتى يكون في اخر الشهر ، فلا يدرك الخميس الاخر إلا أن يجمعه مع الأربعاء ، أيجزيه ذلك ؟

قا ل : « لا بأس ».


384 – And I asked him about the man who delays the fast of the three days from the month until he is in the end of the month, so he will not reach the last Thursday unless he combines it with the Wednesday.  Does that suffice him?

He said: There is no harm.


[385] وسألته عن صوم ثلاثة أيام من الشهر تكون على الرجل ، يقضيها متوالية ، أو يفرق بينها ؟

قال : « أي ذلك أحب ».


385 – And I asked him about a fast of three days that upon the man, does he do its qada consecutively, or does he separate between them?

He said: Whichever of those he likes.


[386] وسألته عن رجل طلق أو ماتت امرأته ثم زنى هل عليه رجم ؟

قال : « نعم ».


386 – And I asked him about a man who divorced or whose wife died, then he fornicated.  Is a stoning upon him?

He said: Yes.


[387] وسألته عن امرأة طلقت ثم زنت بعدما طلقت سنة أو أكثر هل عليها الرجم ؟

قال : « نعم ».


387 – And I asked him about a woman who was divorced, then she fornicated after she had been divorced by a year or more.  Is the stoning upon her?

He said: Yes.


[388] وسألته عن صوم المحرم في شهر رمضان ، هل له أن يحتجم وهو صائم ؟

قال : « نعم ».


388 – And I asked him about the fast of the muhrim in the month of Ramadan, is it (allowed) for him to be treated by cupping while he is fasting?

He said: Yes.


[389] وسألته عن الرجل يطوف بالبيت وهو جنب فيذكر وهو في طوافه هل عليه أن يقطع طوافه ؟

قال : « يقطع طوافه ، ولا يعتد بشيء مما طاف ».


389 – And I asked him about the man doing tawaf by the House while he is junub, so he remembers while he is in his tawaf.  Is it upon him to cut his tawaf?

He said: He cuts his tawaf, and he does not deem (valid) anything from what he had done of tawaf.


[390] وسألته عن الجنب يدخل يده في غسله قبل أن يتوضأ ، وقبل أن يغسل يده ، ما حاله ؟

قال : « إذا لم تصب يده شيئاً من جنابة فلا بأس ».

قال : « وأن يغسل يده قبل أن يدخلها في شيء من غسله أحب إلي ».


390 – And I asked him about the junub inserting his hand in his wash-water prior to doing wudu and prior to washing his hand.  What is his state?

He said: When nothing of janaba (i.e. semen) contacted his hand then there is no harm.

He said: And that he wash his hand prior to inserting it in something from his wash-water is preferable to me.


[391] وسألته عن ولد الزنا ، تجوز شهادته أو يؤم قوماً ؟

قال : « لا تجوز شهادته ولا يؤم ».


391 – And I asked him about the illegitimate (walad az-zina), is his testimony permitted or does he lead a group (in salat)?

He said: His testimony is not permitted and he does not lead.


[392] وسألته عن اللقطة إذا كانت جارية ، هل يحل لمن لقطها فرجها ؟

قال : « لا ، إنما حل له بيعها بما أنفق عليها ».


392 – And I asked him about the lost property (al-luqta) when it is a slave-girl, is her private lawful to the one who picked her up?

He said: No, it is only lawful for him to sell her by what he spent upon her.


[393] وسألته عن فضل الشاة والبقر والبعير ، أيشرب منه ويتوضأ ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


393 – And I asked him about the leftover of the sheep, the cow, and the camel, does one drink from it and do wudu?  

He said: There is no harm.


[394] وسألته عن الكنيف يصب فيه الماء فينتضح على الثوب ، ما حاله ؟

قال : « إذا كان جافا فلا بأس ».


394 – And I asked him about the washroom in which water pours, so it splashes on the garment.  What is its state?

He said: When it was dry then there is no harm.


[395] وسألته عن الجراد يصيده فيموت بعد ما يصيده ، أيؤكل ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


395 – And I asked him about the locust which one hunts, and it dies after one hunts it.  Is it eaten?

He said: There is no harm.


[396] وسألته عن الجراد يصيبه ميتاً في البحر أو في الصحراء ، أيؤكل ؟

قال : « لا تاكله ».


396 – And I asked him about the locust which one gets dead in the sea or in the desert.  Is it eaten?

He said: Do not eat it.


[397] وسألته عن الفراش يكون كثير الصوف فيصيبه البول ، كيف يغسل ؟

قال : « يغسل الظاهر ، ثم يصب عليه الماء في المكان الذي أصابه البول حتى يخرج الماء من جانب الفراش الآخر ».


397 – And I asked him about the bed that has much wool and urine comes in contact with it, how is it washed?  

He said: The exterior is washed, then water is poured on it in the location which the urine came in contact with until it exits from other side of the bed.


[398] وسألته عن الكنيف يكون فوق البيت ، فيصيبه المطر فيكف فيصيب الثياب ، أيصلى فيها قبل أن يغسل ؟

قال : « إذا جرى من ماء المطر فلا بأس ، يصلى فيها ».


398 – And I asked him about the washroom that is above the house, and the rain comes in contact with it and it drips and comes in contact with the clothing.  Does one pray in it prior to it being washed?

He said: If it flowed from the water of the rain then there is no harm, one prays in it.


[399] وسألته عن الفأرة تصيب الثوب ، أيصلى فيه ؟

قال : « إذا لم تكن الفأرة رطبة فلا بأس ، وإن كانت رطبة فاغسل ما أصاب من ثوبك ، والكلب مثل ذلك ».


399 – And I asked him about the mouse that comes in contact with the garment, does one pray in it?

He said: If the mouse was not wet then there is no harm.  And if it was wet, then wash what it came in contact with of your garment.  And the dog is like that.


[400] وسألته عن فضل الفرس والبغل والحمار ، أيشرب منه ويتوضأ للصلاة ؟

قال : « لا بأس ».


400 – And I asked him about the leftover of the horse, the mule, and the donkey, does one drink from it and do wudu for salat?

He said: There is no harm.