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Chapter 15

The primordial covenant with the Children of Adam


احمد بن محمد عن الحسن بن موسى عن على بن حسان عن عبد الرحمن بن كثير عن ابى عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله تعالى واذ أخذ ربك من بنى آدم من ظهورهم ذريتهم إلى آخر الاية قال اخرج الله من ظهر آدم ذريته إلى يوم القيمة فخرجوا كالذر فعرفهم نفسه ولولا ذلك لم يعرف احد ربه ثم قال الست بربكم قالوا بلى وان هذا محمد رسولي وعلى امير المؤمنين خليفتي واميني.


1 – Ahmad b. Muhammad from al-Hasan b. Musa from `Ali b. Hassan from `Abd ar-Rahman b. Kathir from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding the saying of Allah تعالى “And when your Lord took from the Children of Adam, from their backs, their offspring” to the end of the aya (7:172) He said: Allah took from the back of Adam his progeny until the day of the resurrection, so they emerged as atoms.  So He acquainted them with Himself and were it not for that, no one would have recognized his Lord.  Then He said “Am I not your Lord?  They said: Yea” and this Muhammad is My Messenger and `Ali Amir al-Mu’mineen is My vicar (khalifati) and My trustee (ameeni).