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Chapter 15

 

(15) باب في الائمة عندهم جميع مافى الكتاب والسنة ولايقولون برأيهم ولم يرخصوا ذلك شيعتهم

 

15 – Chapter regarding that with the Imams is all of what is in the Book and the Sunna, and they do not say by their view and their Shi`a have not been permitted that

 

(1) حدثنا احمد بن محمد عن البرقى عن اسماعيل بن مهران عن سيف بن عميرة عن ابى المعزا عن سماعة عن ابى الحسن عليه السلام قال قلت له كل شئ تقول به في كتاب الله وسنته او تقولون فيه برأيكم قال بل كل شئ نقوله في كتاب الله وسنة نبيه.

 

1 – Ahmad b. Muhammad narrated to us from al-Barqi from Isma`il b. Mihran from Sayf b. `Amira from Abu ‘l-Ma`za from Abu ‘l-Hasan (عليه السلام) .  He said: I said to him: Everything you say is in the book of Allah and his Sunna, or do you say regarding it by your view?  He said: Rather, everything we say is in the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet.

 

(2) حدثنا احمد بن محمد عن البرقى عن صفوان عن سعيد الاعرج قال قلت لابى عبدالله عليه السلام ان من عندنا ممن يتفقه يقولون يرد علينا ما لانعرفه في كتاب الله ولافى السنة نقول فيه براينا فقال ابوعبدالله عليه السلام كذبوا ليس شئ الا جاء في الكتاب وجاء فيه السنة.

 

2 – Ahmad b. Muhammad narrated to us from al-Barqi from Safwan from Sa`id al-A`raj.  He said: I said to Abu `Abdillah (عليه السلام)  that of those amongst us who apply themselves to the study of fiqh are those who say that there comes to us what we do not know of it in the Book of Allah nor in the Sunna (so) we say regarding it by our view.  So Abu `Abdillah (عليه السلام)  said:  They have lied.  There is nothing but that it has come in the Book and come in it the Sunna.

 

(3) حدثنا احمد بن الحسن بن على بن فضال عن ابيه عن ابى المعزا عن سماعة عن العبد الصالح عليه السلام قال سالته فقلت ان اناسا من اصحابنا قد لقوا اباك وجدك وسمعوا منهما الحديث فربما كان الشئ يبتلى به بعض اصحابنا وليس عندهم في ذلك شئ يفتيه وعندهم مايشبهه يسعهم ان ياخذوا بالقياس(1) فقال انه ليس بشئ الا وقد جاء في الكتاب والسنة.

 

3 – Ahmad b. al-Hasan b. `Al ib. Faddal narrated to us from his father from Abu ‘l-Ma`za from Sama`a from the Righteous Servant (عليه السلام) .  He said: I asked him, so I said to him there are people from our companions who have met your father and your grandfather, and heard hadith from them.  And sometimes there will be something that distresses some of our companions, and there is not with them anything regarding that to give a fatwa by, but there is with them something similar to it.  Are they permitted to take by qiyas (analogy)?  So he said: There is nothing but that it has come in the Book and the Sunna.

 

(4) حدثنا السندى بن محمد بن عن صفوان بن يحيى عن محمد بن حكيم عن ابى الحسن عليه السلام قال قلت له تفقهنا في الدين وروينا وربما ورد علينا رجل قد ابتلى بشئ صغير الذى ماعندنا فيه بعينه شئ وعندنا ماهو يشبه مثله افنفتيه بمايشبهه قال لا ومالكم والقياس في ذلك هلك من هلك بالقياس قل قلت جعلت فداك اتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بما يكتفون به قال اتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بما استفتوا(2) به في عهده وبما يكتفون به من بعده إلى يوم القيمة قال قلت ضاع منه شئ قال لا هو عند اهله.

 

4 – As-Sindi narrated to us from Safwan b. Yahya from Muhammad b. Hakim from Abu ‘l-Hasan (عليه السلام) .  He said: I said to him: We apply ourselves to the study of fiqh in the religion and we narrate (i.e. the hadiths).  And sometimes a man comes upon us for whom something small has distressed him for which there is nothing with us regarding it by its selfsame (i.e. no hadith about that exact thing which is the issue at hand), but with us is what is similar to its like, do we give him a fatwa by what is similar to it?  He said: No, and what do you have to do with qiyas in that.  Destroyed has been the one destroyed by qiyas.  He said: I said: May I be your sacrifice, did the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله) come by what suffices them?  He said: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله) came by they asked of him in his time and by what suffices for whoso is after him until the day of the resurrection.  He said: I said: Is anything of it lost?  He said: No.  It is with its people.