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Chapter 18

باب التقليد


Chapter on taqlid


١ - عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن عبد الله بن يحيى، عن ابن مسكان، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قالقلت له: " اتخذوا أحبارهم و رهبانهم أربابا من دون الله " ؟ فقال: " أما والله ما دعوهم إلى عبادة أنفسهم، ولو دعوهم ما أجابوهم، ولكن أحلوا لهم حراما، وحرموا عليهم حلالا فعبدوهم من حيث لا يشعرون.


1 – A number of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid from `Abdullah b. Yahya from Ibn Muskan from Abu Basir from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: I said to him: “They took their rabbis and their monks as lords apart from Allah”. (9:31) So he said: Indeed by Allah, they did not call them to worship themselves, rather they allowed (i.e. made halal) for them (something) forbidden (haram) and forbade (i.e. made haram) upon them something allowed (halal).  So they worshiped them wherefrom they did not perceive.


٣ - محمد بن إسماعيل، عن الفضل بن شاذان، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن ربعي ابن عبد الله، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " اتخذوا أحبارهم ورهبانهم أربابا من دون الله " فقالوالله ما صاموا لهم ولا صلوا لهم ولكن أحلوا لهم حراما وحرموا عليهم حلالا فاتبعوهم.


3 – Muhammad b. Isma`il from al-Fadl b. Shadhan from Hammad b. `Isa from Rib`i b. `Abdullah from Abu Basir from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding the saying of Allah عزّ وجلّ “They took their rabbis and their monks as lords apart from Allah”.  So he said: By Allah, they did not fast for them, nor did they pray to them, rather they made allowed for them (something) forbidden, and forbade upon them (something) allowed, so they followed them.