Chapter 12

باب كفارة من واقع أهله في شهر رمضان أو أفطر متعمدا أو غير متعمد والكفارة فيه


The atonement of the one who had intercourse with his wife in the month of Ramadan or broke his fast on purpose or not on purpose and the atonement in it


140 - عثمان بن عيسى، عن سماعة بن مهران، قال: سألته عليه السلام عن رجل أتى أهله في شهر رمضان متعمدا؟ قال: عليه عتق رقبة، و إطعام ستين مسكينا، وصيام شهرين متتابعين، وقضاء ذلك اليوم، ومن أين له مثل ذلك اليوم؟


140 – `Uthman b. `Isa from Sama`a b. Mihran.  He said: I asked him عليه السلام about a man who had intercourse with his wife in the month of Ramadan on purpose.  He said: The emancipation of a slave, and feeding sixty indigents, and a fasting of consecutive months, and the qada of that day are upon him.  And from where shall he have the like of that day?


141 – وعنه، قال: سألته عليه السلام عن رجل لصق بأهله فأنزل؟ قال: عليه إطعام ستين مسكينا، لكل مسكين مد


141 – And from him, he said: I asked him عليه السلام about a man who clung to his wife and so ejaculated.  He said: The feeding of sixty poor people is upon him, a mudd for each poor person.


142 – عن جميل بن دراج، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه سئل عن رجل أفطر يوما من شهر رمضان متعمدا؟ فقال: إن رجلا أتى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله، فقال: هلكت يا رسول الله. فقال: مالك؟ فقال: النار يارسول الله. فقال: ومالك؟ فقال: إني وقعت بأهلي في رمضان؟ قال: تصدق، واستغفر الله. فقال الرجل: فوالذي عظم حقكوقال ابن أبي عمير: قال: فوالذي بعثك بالحقما تركت في البيت شيئا قليلا ولا كثيرا. قال: فدخل رجل من الناس بمكتل تمر فيه عشرون صاعا يكون عشرة أصوع بصاعنا هذا هنا، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: خذ هذا التمر فتصدق. فقال: يا رسول الله على من أتصدق به؟ وقد أخبرتك أنه ليس في بيتي قليل ولا كثير؟ فقال: خذه وأطعمه عيالك واستغفر الله


142 – From Jamil b. Darraj from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام that he was asked about a man who broke his fast one day from the month of Ramadan on purpose.  So he said: A man came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله and said: I have been destroyed O Messenger of Allah!  So he said: What is the matter with you?  He said: The Fire, O Messenger of Allah!  He said: And what is the matter with you?  He said: I had intercourse with my wife in Ramadan.  He said: Give charity and seek forgiveness of Allah.  So the man said: So by the One who glorified your truth – and Ibn Abi `Umayr said: So by the one who sent you with the truth – I have not left anything in the house, not a little or a lot.  He said: So a man entered from the people with a large basket (miktal) of dates in which there were twenty saa` (a measure), being ten saa` of these saa` of ours here.  So the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: Take these dates and give charity.  So he said: O Messenger of Allah, to whom shall I give charity with it?  And I have informed you that there is not a little or a lot in my house.  He said: So take it and feed your dependents with it, and seek forgiveness of Allah.


143 – نروي عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في رجل يلاعب أهله أو جاريته وهو في قضاء رمضان فيسبقه الماء فينزل؟ قال: عليه من الكفارة مثل ما على الذي يجامع في رمضان


143 – We narrate from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding a man who played with his wife or his slave-girl while he was in the qada of Ramadan, so the water (i.e. semen) outstrips him and he ejaculates.  He said: The atonement of the like of what is upon the one who has intercourse during the month of Ramadan is upon him.


144 - عن سماعة، قال: سألته عليه السلام عن رجل أخذ في شهر رمضان وقد أفطر ثلاث مرات؟ قال: يدفع إلى الامام فيقتل في الثالث.


144 – From Sama`a, he said: I asked him عليه السلام about a man who was taken in the month of Ramadan and he had broken his fast three times.  He said: He is handed over to the Imam and killed in the third.