Chapter 49

القول في احتمال الرسل و الأنبياء و الأئمة الآلام و أحوالهم بعد الممات


49 - The doctrine concerning the possibility of the messengers, prophets, and Imams having afflictions and their states after death


و أقول إن رسل الله تعالى من البشر و أنبياءه و الأئمة من خلفائه محدثون مصنوعون تلحقهم الآلام و تحدث لهم اللذات و تنمي أجسامهم بالأغذية و تنقص على مرور الزمان و يحل بهم الموت و يجوز عليهم الفناء و على هذا القول إجماع أهل التوحيد و قد خالفنا فيه المنتمون إلى التفويض و طبقات الغلاة 


And I say that the messengers from humanity of Allah, be He exalted, and His prophets and the Imams from his khulafa are contingent created beings, afflictions are attached to them and pleasures occur for them, their bodies are made to grow by food and decreased by the passing of time, death happens to them, and passing away is permitted upon them.  And the consensus of the people of tawhid is upon this doctrine.  And those belonging to (the heresy of) tafwid (those who believe Allah created the Imams and then delegated the ruling of creation and giving sustenance to the universe to them) and the categories of the ghulat (the exaggerators of the status of the Imams) have opposed us in it.


و أما أحوالهم بعد الوفاة فإنهم ينقلون من تحت التراب فيسكنون بأجسامهم و أرواحهم جنة الله تعالى فيكونون فيها أحياء يتنعمون إلى يوم الممات يستبشرون بمن يلحق بهم من صالحي أممهم و شيعتهم و يلقونه بالكرامات و ينتظرون من يرد عليهم من أمثال السابقين من ذوي الديانات و إن رسول الله (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) و الأئمة من عترته خاصة لا يخفى عليهم بعد الوفاة أحوال شيعتهم في دار الدنيا بإعلام الله تعالى لهم ذلك حالا بعد حال و يسمعون كلام المناجي لهم في مشاهدهم المكرمة العظام بلطيفة من لطائف الله تعالى بينهم بها من جمهور العباد و تبلغهم المناجاة من بعد كما جاءت به الرواية و هذا مذهب فقهاء الإمامية كافة و حملة الآثار منهم و لست أعرف فيه لمتكلميهم من قبل مقالا و بلغني عن بني نوبخت ره خلاف فيه و لقيت جماعة من المقصرين عن المعرفة ممن ينتمي إلى الإمامة أيضا يأبونه


And as to their sates after death, then they are transferred from (being) under the earth and they dwell, with their bodies and spirits, in a garden of Allah, be He exalted.  So they are alive in it, living in enjoyment till the day of death, rejoicing (or, welcoming) whoever follows them (or, is attached to them) from the righteous of their communities and their Shi`a, they welcome them with honors and awaiting whoever comes to them (joins) from the likes of those who preceded from the religions (of the past).  And the Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) and the Imams from his progeny in particular, the states of their Shi`a from the realm of the world is not hidden from them by the notification of Allah, be He exalted.  They have that, state after state, and they hear the speech of the supplicant to them in their grand noble shrines by a grace from the graces of Allah, be He exalted.  It is announced to them from the mass of the servants and the supplications are conveyed to them as the narrations have come with.  And this is the madhhab of all of the fuqaha of the Imamiyya and the bearers of the traditions from them.  I do not know of a doctrine regarding it from their prior theologians (i.e. that differs from this).  And it has reached me from the Banu Nawbakht, may Allah be pleased with them, a difference in regards to it, and I have encountered a group from those who fall short  in recognition (al-muqassireen `an al-ma`rifa, i.e. who believe about the Imams things below their station, denying their true noble status) who also belong to the Imama that refuse it.


و قد قال الله تعالى فيما يدل على الجملة وَ لا تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْواتاً بَلْ أَحْياءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ فَرِحِينَ بِما آتاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ بِالَّذِينَ لَمْ يَلْحَقُوا بِهِمْ مِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ أَلَّا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ لا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ و ما يتلو هذا من الكلام . و قال في قصة مؤمن آل فرعون قِيلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ قالَ يا لَيْتَ قَوْمِي يَعْلَمُونَ بِما غَفَرَ لِي رَبِّي وَ جَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ.


And Allah, be He exalted, has said, proving it in total “And do not reckon those who have been killed in the way of Allah as dead, rather they are alive with their Lord, being sustained and happy with what Allah has given them of His grace, and joyful in those who remain behind and have not joined them, because no fear shall be on them, neither shall they sorrow” (3:169-170) and what follows after this from the speech.  And He said in the story of the believer of the Aal Fir`awn “It was said: Enter the Garden.  He said: 'Ah, would that my people had knowledge that my Lord has forgiven me and that He has placed me among the honoured.”  (36:26-27)


و قال رسول الله (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) من سلم علي عند قبري سمعته و من سلم علي من بعيد بلغته سلام الله عليه و رحمة الله و بركاته . ثم الأخبار في تفصيل ما ذكرناه من الجمل عن أئمة آل محمد (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) بما وصفناه نصا و لفظا أكثر و ليس هذا الكتاب موضع ذكرها فكنت أوردها على التفصيل و البيان


And the Messenger of Allah  (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) said: Whoever gives salam upon me at my grave I hear him, and whoever gives salam  upon me from afar I am informed of it, the peace of Allah be upon him and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.  Moreover, the reports detailing what we have mentioned in sum from the Imams of the Aal Muhammad  (صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم) with what we have described of it, in text and expression, are more numerous, but this book is not the place to mention them else I would have brought them in detail and elucidation.