Chapter 15

باب الأغسال

Aghsal (pl. of ghusl)


الغسل في سبعة عشر موطناليلة سبعة عشر من شهر رمضان، وليلة تسعة عشر، وليلة إحدى وعشرين، (وليلة ثلاث وعشرين، والعيدين، وإذا دخلت الحرمين، ويوم تحرم ، (ويوم الزيارة، ويوم تدخل  البيت، ويوم التروية ، ويوم عرفة ، وغسل الميت، وغسل من غسل ميتا أو كفنه أو مسه بعد ما يبرد، (وغسل يوم)  الجمعة، وغسل الكسوف إذا احترق القرص كله فاستيقظ الرجل ولم يصل، فعليه أن يغتسل ويقضي الصلاة، وغسل الجنابة فريضة  .


The ghusl is (done) in seventeen situations: the seventeenth night of the month of Ramadan, and the nineteenth night, the twenty-first night, and the twenty-third night, the two Eids, when you have entered the two Harams, the day you enter ihram, the day of ziyara, the day you enter the House, the day of tarwiya, the day of ‘Arafa, the ghusl for the deceased, the ghusl for the one gave the deceased the ghusl, gave him the kafan, or has touched him (i.e. the deceased’s body) after he had turned cold, the ghusl of the day of Jum`a, the ghusl for eclipses when the disk of the sun has been completely overtaken but the individual had woken up and not prayed, thus it is upon him to do a ghusl and make up the salat, and the ghusl of janaba is a farida (obligation).


وقال الصادق (عليه السلام): غسل الجنابة والحيض واحد.


As-Sadiq عليه السلام said “The ghusl of janaba and (the ghusl of) menstruation are one.”


وروي  أن من قصد مصلوبا فنظر إليه وجب عليه الغسل عقوبة .


It is narrated that someone who seeks someone who is crucified and looks at him, the ghusl has become wajib upon him in punishment.


وروي أن من قتل وزغا فعليه الغسل، والعلة  في ذلك، أنه يخرج من الذنوب فيغتسل  منها .


It is narrated that whoever who kills a gecko then the ghusl is upon him.  The reason for this is that it removes sins, so he does a ghusl for it.


وكل غسل (من هذه  الأغسال)  فيه وضوء إلا غسل الجنابة ، لأن كل غسل سنة، إلا غسل الجنابة فإنه فريضة ، وغسل الحيض فريضة مثل غسل الجنابة .


In every ghusl in all of these aghsal there is a wudu, except for the ghusl of janaba, for every ghusl is a sunna, except for the ghusl of janaba as it is an farida.  The ghusl for menstruation is a farida like the ghusl of janaba.


فإذا اجتمع فرضان فأكبرهما يجزي عن أصغرهما .


When two obligations (fardan) are come together, then the larger of them suffices for the lesser.


ومن اغتسل لغير  جنابة فليبدأ بالوضوء، ثم يغتسل ، ولا يجزيه الغسل عن الوضوء، (لأن الغسل)  سنة والوضوء فريضة، ولا تجزي سنة عن فريضة  .


One who performs a ghusl for something other than janaba should begin by performing a wudu and then perform the ghusl.  The ghusl does not make up for the wudu since the ghusl is a sunna and the wudu is a farida, and a sunna does not suffice for a farida.