Chapter 16

باب غسل الجنابة

Ghusl of janaba


إذا أردت الغسل من الجنابة فاجهد  أن تبول، ليخرج ما بقي في إحليلك من المني ، ثم اغسل يديك ثلاثا من قبل أن تدخلهما  الإناء، ثم استنج وأنق فرجك ، ثم ضع على رأسك ثلاث أكف من ماء  ، وميز الشعر  بأناملك حتى يبلغ الماء أصل الشعر كله  ، وتناول الإناء بيدك وصبه على رأسك وبدنك مرتين، وامرر يدك على بدنك كله، وخلل أذنيك بإصبعيك ، وكل ما أصابه الماء فقد طهر .


When you want to do the ghusl of janaba then (first) try to urinate so that you may remove what is left of semen in your urethra.  Then, wash your hands three times before you put them in the vessel, then perform istinja and cleanse your private.  Then, put three handfuls of water on your head, and part your hair with your fingers so that the water reaches the root of all of the hair.  Then, take the vessel in your hand, pour it over your head and body twice, and pass your hand over all of your body.   Wipe your ears with your fingers.  Everything that the water reaches is thus purified.


واجهد  أن لا تبقي شعرة من رأسك ولحيتك إلا وتدخل  الماء تحتها ، فإنه روي أن من ترك شعرة من الجنابة فلم يغسلها متعمدا فهو في النار .


Make an effort that there not remain a hair from your head and beard but that the water enters under it, for it is narrated that someone who leaves one hair from janaba and does not wash it on purpose, then he is in the Fire.


وإن شئت أن تتمضمض  وتستنشق فافعل، وليس ذلك بواجب، لأن الغسل على ما ظهر لا على باطن ، غير أنك إذا أردت أن تأكل أو تشرب قبل الغسل لم يجز لك، إلا أن تغسل يديك وتتمضمض  وتستنشق، فإنك إن أكلت أو  شربت قبل ذلك، خيف عليك من  البرص .


If you want to do the mouth-rinsing (al-madmada) and the nose-rinsing (al-istinshaq) then do so, but they are not obligatory, for the ghusl is upon that which is external, not what is inward.   However, if you want to eat or drink prior to performing ghusl then it is not permissible for you unless you wash your hands, do the mouth-rinsing and do the nose-rinsing.  For verily if you eat or drink prior to that, then baras is feared for you.


وروي (أنه إذا)  ارتمس الجنب في الماء ارتماسة واحدة، أجزأه ذلك من  غسله .


It is narrated that if the junub immerses himself in the water with a single (i.e. complete) immersion, then that suffices him for his ghusl.


وإن  أجنبت في يوم أو في  ليلة مرارا أجزأك  غسل واحد، إلا أن تكون تجنب بعد الغسل أو تحتلم، فإن احتلمت فلا تجامع حتى تغتسل من الاحتلام.


If you become junub multiple times during a day or night, then a single ghusl suffices for you, unless you become junub after the (first) ghusl or you have a nocturnal emission.  If you have a nocturnal emission, then do not have sexual intercourse until you have performed ghusl for the nocturnal emission.


ولا بأس بذكر الله تعالى وقراءة القرآن للجنب والحائض، إلا العزائم التي يسجد فيها، وهي: (ألم السجدة، وحم السجدة، والنجم، وسورة اقرأ باسم ربك .


There is no harm with the junub or the menstruating woman (al-ha’id) doing remembrance of Allah تعالى or reciting the Quran, except for the `aza’im in which one does sajda.  And they are: [Alif Lam Meem Sajda (32)], Ha Meem Sajda (41), an-Najm (53), and sura Iqra Bismi Rabbika (96).


ولا تمس القرآن إذا كنت جنبا أو على غير وضوء، (ومس الورق)  


Do not touch the Quran if you are junub or without wudu, (and the page is touched).


ومن خرج من إحليله بعد الغسل شئ، وقد كان بال قبل أن يغتسل فلا شئ عليه، وإن لم يكن بال قبل أن يغتسل فليعد الغسل .


One who has something exit from his urethra after the ghusl and who had urinated prior to the ghusl has nothing upon him.  And if he did not urinate prior to doing the ghusl, then the ghusl must be repeated.


ولا بأس بتبعيض الغسل، تغسل يديك وفرجك ورأسك، وتؤخر غسل جسدك (إلى وقت الصلاة، ثم تغسل جسدك)  إذا أردت ذلك، فإن أحدثت حدثا من بول، أو غائط، أو ريح، بعد ما غسلت رأسك من قبل أن تغسل جسدك، فأعد الغسل من أوله (إلى آخره)  .


There is no harm with partitioning the ghusl, that is that you wash your hands, privates, and head, and then delay washing your body [until the time of salat and then you wash your body] if you want to do that.  If you have a hadath of urination, defecation, or flatulence occur after you had washed your head and prior to you washing your body, then repeat the ghusl from its beginning [to its end.]


ولا يدخل الجنب والحائض المسجد إلا مجتازين، ولهما أن يأخذا منه، وليس لهما أن يضعا فيه شيئا ، لأن ما فيه لا يقدران على أخذه من غيره، (وهما قادران على وضع ما معهما في غيره)  .


The junub and the ha’id do not enter the mosque, except in passing through.  They are allowed to take something from it, but they are not allowed to put something in it, for they are not able to take what is in it from somewhere other than it, but they are able to put what is with them somewhere else.


وإن احتلمت في مسجد من المساجد فاخرج منه واغتسل، إلا أن يكون احتلامك في المسجد الحرام أو في مسجد (رسول الله)  (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)، فإنك إذا  احتلمت في أحد هذين المسجدين، تيممت وخرجت، ولم تمش فيهما إلا متيمما .


If you have a nocturnal emission in a mosque from the mosques, then leave it and do a ghusl, so long as you did not have the nocturnal emission  in the Masjid al-Haram or the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.  If you did have a wet dream in one of these two mosques, then do tayammum and go out, and do not walk in them but that you are in a state of having done tayammum.


والجنب إذا عرق في ثوبه، فإن كانت الجنابة من حلال فحلال الصلاة فيه، وإن كانت من حرام فحرام الصلاة فيه .


If the junub sweats in his clothing, if the janaba was from a halal (e.g. lawful intercourse with one’s spouse), then it is allowed to pray in them, and if it was from a haram (e.g. fornication), then it is forbidden to pray in them.