Month of Muharram

* ( شهر محرم ) *

Month of Muharram


شهر محرم وهو شهر حرام وكانت الجاهلية تعظمه وثبت ذلك في الاسلام 


The month of Muharram is an inviolable month (shahr haram), and the era of pagan ignorance (al-jahiliyya) honored it and that was established in Islam.


اول يوم منه استجاب الله دعوة زكريا ع 


(In) the first day of it, Allah answered the appeal of Zakariyya عليه السلام.


وفى اليوم الثالث منه كان خلاص يوسف ع من الجب الذى القاه اخوته فيه على ما جاءت به الاخبار ونطق به القرآن 


In the third day of it was the rescue of Yusuf عليه السلام from the well in which his brothers dropped him, (based) upon what the narrations have brought and the Quran has spoken of.


وفى اليوم الخامس منه كان عبور موسى بن عمران من البحر 


In the fifth day of it was the crossing of Musa b. `Imran  عليه السلام of the sea.


وفى اليوم السابع منه كلم الله موسى بن عمران ع على جبل طور سينا 


In the seventh day of it Allah spoke to Musa b. `Imran عليه السلام upon the Mount Sinai.


وفى اليوم التاسع منه اخرج الله تعالى ويونس بن متى ع من بطن الحوت ونجاه 


In the ninth day of it Allah تعالى removed Yunus b. Mata عليه السلام from the belly of the whale and saved him.


وفى اليوم العاشر منه قتل سيدنا أبو عبد الله الحسين بن على عليهما السلام من سنه 61 احدى وستين من الهجرة وهو يوم يتجدد فيه احزان محمد وال محمد ع وشيعتهم وجائت الرواية عن الصادقين عليهم السلام باجتناب الملاذ فيه واقامة تبيين سنن المصائب والامساك عن الطعام والشراب الى ان تزول الشمس والتغذي بعد ذلك بما يتغذى اصحاب المصائب كالالبان وما اشبهما دون اللذيذ من الطعام والشراب ويستحب فيه زيارة المشاهد والاكثار من الصلوة على محمد واله والابتهال الى الله باللعنة على اعدائهم وظالميهم وروى ان من زار قبر الحسين عليه السلام يوم عاشوراء فكانما زار الله في عرشه وروى ان من زاره وبات عنده ليلة عاشورا حتى يصبح حشره الله تعالى ملطخا بدم الحسين عليه السلام في جملة الشهداء معه وروى ان من زاره في هذا اليوم غفر الله له ما تقدم من ذنبه وما تاخر وروى انه من اراد ان يقضى حق رسول الله ص وحق امير المؤمنين وفاطمة والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام فليعزر قبر الحسين عليه السلام في يوم عاشوراء وفى اليوم السابع عشر انصرف اصحاب الفيل عن مكة وقد نزل عليهم العذاب وفى ليلة احدى وعشرين  سنه 3 ثلاث من الهجرة كان نقل فاطمة الى امير المؤمنين عليه السلام وزفافها ولها يومئذ ستة عشر سنة وروى تسع سنين وفى يوم الخامس والعشرين سنه 94 اربع وتسعين كانت وفاة ابى محمد على بن الحسين زين العابدين عليه السلام . وروى ان من زار قبر الحسين عليه السلام يوم عاشوراء فكانما زار الله في عرشه وروى ان من زاره وبات عنده ليلة عاشورا حتى يصبع حشره الله تع ملطخا بدم الحسين عليه السلام في جملة الشهداء معه وروى ان من زاره في هذا اليوم غفر الله له ما تقدم من ذنبه وما تاخر وروى انه من اراد ان يقضى حق رسول الله ص وحق امير المؤمنين وفاطمة والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام فليزر قبر الحسين عليه السلام في يوم عاشوراء


In the tenth day of it our master Abu `Abdillah al-Husayn b. `Ali عليهما السلام was killed in the sixty-first year from the Hijra.  And it is a day in which the sorrows of Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وآله and their Shi`a are renewed.  Narrations have come from the Truthful عليهم السلام regarding avoidance of pleasures in it and establishing the demonstration of the traditions of adversities, and refraining from food and drink until the zawal of the sun and eating after that with the food of the people of adversities, such as milks and what is like it apart from the tasty food and drink.  And visitation (ziyarat) to the shrines is recommended in it, and to do much prayer upon Muhammad and his family, and to implore to Allah with cursing upon their enemies and oppressors.  And it is narrated that whoever visits the grave of al-Huasyn عليه السلام on the day of `Ashura is from the group of martyrs with him.  And it is narrated that whoever visits the graves of al-Husayn عليه السلام on the day of `Ashura, then it is as though he visited Allah in His Throne.  And it is narrated that whoever visits him and spends the night with him on the night of `Ashura until he enters morning, Allah تعالى will gather him stained with the blood of al-Husayn عليه السلام in the group of the martyrs with him.  And it is narrated that whoever visits him in this day, Allah forgives for him what has preceded from his sins and what comes after.  And it is narrated that whoever wants to fulfill the right of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله and the right of Amir al-Mu’mineen and Fatima and al-Hasan and al-Husayn عليهم السلام then he is to visit the grave of al-Husayn عليه السلام in the day of `Ashura.


وفى اليوم السابع عشر انصرف اصحاب الفيل عن مكة وقد نزل عليهم العذاب 


And in the seventeenth day, the companions of the elephant (ashab al-feel) where turned away from Makka, and the punishment was sent down upon them.  


]وفى ليلة احدى وعشرين  سنه 3 ثلاث من الهجرة كان نقل فاطمة الى امير المؤمنين عليه السلام وزفافها ولها يومئذ ستة عشر سنة وروى تسع سنين[ 


[And in the twenty first night in the third year of the Hijra, Fatima was conveyed to Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام and her wedding.  And on that day, she was ten years old.  And it is narrated (that she was) nine years old.]


وفى يوم الخامس والعشرين سنه 94 اربع وتسعين كانت وفاة ابى محمد على بن الحسين زين العابدين عليه السلام .


And in the twenty fifth day in the ninety fourth year (of the Hijra) was the death of Abu Muhammad `Ali b. al-Husayn Zayn al-`Abideen عليه السلام.