Month of Rajab

* ( شهر رجب ) *

The month of Rajab


هو آخر اشهر شهور الحرام في السنته على الترتيب الذى قدمنا وبينا ان اول شهورها شهر رمضان وهو شهر عظيم البركة شريف لم تزل الجاهلية تعظمه قبل مجيئ الاسلام ثم تأكد شرفه وعظمه في شريعة النبي ص وهو الشهر الاصم وانما سمى بذلك لان العرب لم تكن يغزوا فيه ولا ترى الحرب وسفك الدماء وكان لا يسمع فيه حركة السلاح ولا صهيل الخيل ولا اصوات الرجال في اللقاء والاجتماع 


It is the last month of the inviolable months (shuhur al-haram) of the year (based) on the order which we have set forth, and explained that the first of its months is the month of Ramadan.  It is a month great in blessing, noble.  The era of ignorance (al-jahiliyya) did not cease from honoring it prior to the coming of Islam, then its nobility and greatness was emphasized in the Shari`a of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله.  It is (called) the month of the deaf, and it was only called that because the Arabs would not raid in it and would not see war and the shedding of blood, and one would not hear the movement of weaponry or the neighing of horses or the voices of men in meeting and convening (for battle).  


ويستحب صيامه فقد روى عن امير المؤمنين عليه السلام انه كان يصومه ويقول شهر رجب شهرى وشعبان شهر رسول الله وشهر رمضان شهر الله عزوجل


And its fasting is recommended, for it has been narrated from Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام that he would fast it, and he would say: The month of Rajab is my month, and Sha`ban is the month of the Messenger of Allah, and the month of Ramadan is the month of Allah عزوجل


]اول يوم منه كان مولد مولانا و سيدنا ابى جعفر محمد بن على الباقر ع روى جابر الجعفي قال ولد الباقر أبو جعفر محمد بن على ع يوم الجمعة غرة رجب سنه 57 سبع وخمسين من الهجرة[ 


[The first day of it was the birth of our mawla and our master, Abu Ja`far Muhammad b. `Ali al-Baqir عليه السلام.  Jabir al-Ju`fi narrated, he said: al-Baqir Abu Ja`far Muhammad b. `Ali عليه السلام was born on the day of Jum`a, on the first of Rajab, in the year 57 from the Hijra.]  


وروى انه من صام من اوله سبعة ايام متتابعات غلقت عنه سبعة ابواب النار فان صام ثمانية ايام فتحت له ثمانية ابواب الجنان وان صام منه خمسة عشر يوما اعطى سؤله وان صام الشهر كله اعتق الله الكريم رقبته من النار وقضى له حوائج الدنيا والاخرة وكتب في الصديقين والشهداء وهذا إذا كان الانسان مؤمنا مجتنبا للكبائر الموبقات كما قال الله عزوجل انما يتقبل الله من المتقين 


And it is narrated that whoever fasts seven consecutive days from its first, seven gates from the Fire are locked from him.  And if he fasts of eight days, eight gates of the Gardens are opened for him.  And if he fasts fifteen days of it, he is given his request.  And if he fasts all of the month, Allah the Generous emancipates his neck from the Fire, and ordains for him the needs of the world and the hereafter, and he is written as being amongst the truthful ones and the martyrs.  And this is if the person is a believer, avoiding the major grave offenses as Allah عزوجل said “Allah only accepts from the god-fearing” (5:27)


والعمرة فيه لها فضل كثير قد جاءت به الاثار ويستحب زيارة سيدنا ابى عبد الله الحسين بن على عليهما السلام في اول يوم منه فقد روى عن الصادق عليه السلام انه قال من زار الحسين بن على ع في اول يوم من رجب غفر الله له البتة ومن لم يتمكن من زيارة ابى عبد الله الحسين ع  في هذا اليوم فليزر بعض مشاهد الائمة السادة عليهم السلام فان لم يتمكن من ذلك فاليوم إليهم بالسلام ويجتهد في اعمال البر والخيرات


And (doing) `umra in it has much virtue, about which the traditions have brought. And the visitation (ziyarat) of our master Abu `Abdillah al-Husayn b. `Ali عليهما السلام is recommended in the first day of it.  It has been narrated from as-Sadiq عليه السلام that he said: Whoever visits al-Husayn b. `Ali عليه السلام on the first day of Rajab, Allah forgives him definitively.  And for someone who the visitation of Abu `Abdillah al-Husayn عليه السلام is not possible on this day, then he is to visit one of the shrines of the sadat Imams عليهم السلام.  So if he is not able to do that, then the day is to them with peace, and striving in acts of piety and good deeds. 



وفى اليوم الثالث منه سنه اربع وخمسين ومأتين من الهجرة كانت وفاة سيدنا ابى الحسن على بن محمد الهادى صاحب العسكر عليه السلام وله يومئذ[اربعون سنة 


In the third day of it in the year 254 from the Hijra, it was the death of our master Abu ‘l-Hasan `Ali b. Muhammad al-Hadi Sahib al-`Askar عليه السلام.  And he was forty years old on that day.


وفى اليوم الثاني عشر منه سنه 6 ستين من الهجرة كان هلاك معاوية بن ابى سفيان لعنه الله وسنه يومئذ ثمان وسبعون سنة وهو يوم مسرة لاهل الايمان وحزن لاهل الكفر والطغيان 


In the twenty second day of it in the year 60 from the Hijra it was that destruction of Mu`awiya b. Abi Sufyan, may Allah curse him, and on that day he was seventy eight years old.  It is a day of joy for the people of faith, and sorrow for the people of kufr and tyranny.


وفى يوم النصف منه لخمسة اشهر من الهجرة عقد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لامير المؤمنين على بن ابي طالب عليه السلام على ابنته فاطمة الزهراء البتول صلوات الله عليها عقدة النكاح وكان فيه الاشهاد له و لها الاملاك وسنها يومئذ احدى عشر سنة ]وفى رواية ثلاث عشر سنة[ عليها التحية و الرضوان  


In the day of the middle (i.e. the fifteenth) from it five months after the Hijra, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله contracted for Amir al-Mu’mineen `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام upon his daughter Fatima az-Zahra al-Batul صلوات الله عليها the contract of marriage.  And in it there was attestation (?) for him and betrothal (?) for her.  On that day her age was eleven years old, [and in (another) narration thirteen years old,] عليها التحية و الرضوان.  


ويستحب في هذا اليوم الصيام وزيارة المشاهد على اصحابها السلام ويدعى فيها بدعاء ام داود وهو موجود في كتب اصحابنا على شرح لا يحتمله هذ الكتاب لما قصدناه من الاختصار 


Fasting is recommended on this day and visiting the shrines, upon their companions be peace, and to supplicate with the du`a of Umm Dawud in it.  And it is found in the books of our companions on an expounding which is this book cannot carry due to what we had intended of abridgment in it.  


وفى هذا اليوم سنه 2 اثنتين من الهجرة حولت القبلة من البيت المقدس الى الكعبة وكان الناس في صلوة العصر فتحولوا منها الى البيت الحرام


And in this day in the year 2 of the Hijra, the qibla was shifted from the Sacred House (in Jerusalem) to the ka`ba, and the people had been in the salat of `asr so they shifted from it to the Inviolable House (the Ka`ba). 


وفى اليوم الثالث والعشرين منه ولد امير المؤمنين على بن ابي طالب عليه السلام سنه 30 من عام الفيل وكان ميلاده في جوف الكعبة من البيت الحرام 


In the twenty third day of it, Amir al-Mu’mineen `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام was born in the year 30 from the year of the elephant.  His birth was in the inside the Ka`ba of the Inviolable House.


وفى اليوم الخامس و العشرين منه سنة ثمان ثلاث وثمانين ومائة من الهجرة كانت وفاة سيدنا ابى الحسن موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام قتيلا في حبس السندي بن شاهك متولى الشرطة للرشيد وسنه يومئذ خمس وخمسون ستون سنة وهو يوم يتجدد فيه احزان آل محمد عليهم السلام 


In the twenty fifth day of it in the year 183 was the death of our master Abu ‘l-Hasan Musa b. Ja`far عليهما السلام, killed in the prison of as-Sindi b. Shahak, the one in charge of the police of (Harun) ar-Rashid.  He was fifty five years old on that day, and it is a day in which the sorrows of the family of Muhammad عليهم السلام are renewed.


وفى اليوم السابع والعشرين منه كان مبعث النبي صلى الله عليه واله من صامه كتب الله له صيام ستين سنة 


In the twenty seventh day of it was the mab`ath of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله.  Whoever fasts it Allah writes the fast of sixty years for him.  


وروى عن الصادقين عليهم السلام انهم قالوا من صلى في اليوم السابع والعشرين من شهر رجب اثنتى عشرة ركعة يقرأ في كل ركعة فاتحة الكتاب وسورة يس فإذا فرغ من هذه الصلوة قرء في عقبها فاتحة الكتاب ثلاث مرات و المعوذتين اربع مرات وقال سبحانه الله والحمد لله ولا اله الا الله والله اكبر اربع مرات وقال : الله ربى لا اشرك به شيئا اربع مرات ثم دعا استجيب له في كل ما يدعوا به الا ان يدعو بجائحة قوم مؤمنين أو قطيعة رحم 


And it is narrated from the Truthful Ones عليهم السلام that they said: Whoever prays twelth rak`at in the twenty seventh day of the month of Rajab, reciting the Fatiha of the Book and sura Yaseen in every rak`a, and when he finishes from this salat he recites after it the Fatiha of the Book three times and the mu`awwidhatayn (surat al-falaq and surat an-nas) four times, and says “subHaanAllaahi wa ‘l-Hamdu lillaahi wa laa ilaaha illAllaahu wAllaahu akbar” four times, and says “Allaahu rabbee laa ushkriku bihi shay’an” four times, then supplicates, he is responded to in all that he supplicates with except for if he supplicates for the catastrophe of a group believers or the estrangement of the womb (i.e. from his blood relations).  


وهو يوم شريف عظيم البركة ويستحب فيه الصدقة والتطوع بالخيرات وادخال السرور على اهل الايمان .


It is a noble day of great blessing; and charity, voluntary good deeds, and the entrance of happiness upon the people of faith is recommended in it.