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Chapter 22

باب فيمن لا يعرف الحديث فرده


Chapter regarding one who does not recognize the hadith so he rejects it


(1) حدثنا احمد بن محمد عن الحسن بن محبوب عن جميل بن صالح عن ابى عبيدة الحذاء عن ابى جعفر عليه السلام قال سمعته يقول اما والله ان احب اصحابي إلى اورعهم وافقههم واكتمهم بحديثنا وان اسؤاهم عندي حالا و امقتهم إلى الذى إذا سمع الحديث ينسب الينا ويروى عنا فلم يعقله ولم يقبله قلبه اشمأز منه وجحده وكفر بمن دان به وهو لا يدرى لعل الحديث من عندنا خرج والينا سند فيكون بذلك خارجا من ولايتنا.


1 – Ahmad b. Muhammad narrated to us from al-Hasan b. Mahbub from Jamil b. Salih from Abu `Ubayda the shoemaker from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: I heard him saying: Indeed by Allah the most beloved of my companions to me is the most devout of them and the most learned (afqah) of them and the most concealing of them with our hadith.  And the worst of state of them with me and the most detestable of them to me is the one who when he hears the hadith that is attributed to us and narrated from us, but he does not understand it and his heart does not accept it, he abhors it and denies it, and declares kufr upon the one professes by it, and he does not know whether perhaps the hadith has come out from us and from us is it sourced.  So he is by that outside of our walaya.


(2) حدثنا الهيثم النهدي عن محمد بن عمر بن يزيد عن يونس عن ابى يعقوب بن اسحق بن عبد الله عن ابى عبد الله عليه السلام قال ان الله تبارك وتعالى حصر عباده بايتين من كتابه الا يقولوا حتى يعلموا ولا يردوا ما لم يعلموا ان الله تبارك وتعالى يقول لم يؤخذ عليهم ميثاق الكتاب الا يقولوا على الله الا الحق وقال بل كذبوا لما لم يحيطوا بعلمه ولما يأتهم تأويله.


2 – al-Haytham an-Nahdi narrated from Muhammad b. `Umar b. Yazid from Yunus from Abu Ya`qub b. Ishaq b. Abdullah from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: Allah تبارك وتعالى restricted his servants by two ayat from His book that they not speak until they know and they do not reject what they do not know.  Allah تبارك وتعالى says “Was there not taken from them a covenant of the Book, that they should not say about Allah aught but the truth?” (7:169).  And he said “Yet they call that a lie, the knowledge of which they have not compassed, while its interpretation has not yet come to them” (10:39).


(3) حدثنا محمد بن عيسى عن محمد بن عمرو عن عبد الله بن جندب عن سفيان بن السيط قال قلت لابي عبد الله عليه السلام جعلت فداك ان الرجل ليأتينا من قبلك فيخبرنا عنك بالعظيم من الامر فيضيق بذلك صدورنا حتى نكذبه قال فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام اليس عنى يحدثكم قال قلت بلى قال فيقول لليل انه نهار وللنهار انه ليل قال فقلت له لا قال فقال رده الينا فانك ان كذبت فانما تكذبنا.


3 – Muhammad b. `Isa narrated to us from Muhammad b. `Amr from `Abdullah b. Jundab from Sufyan b. as-Sayt (?).  He said: I said to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام: May I be made your ransom, the man comes to us from before you and he informs us from you by (something) mighty of the affair. So our bosoms are constricted by that until we give the lie to him.  He said: So Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام said: Was it not from me that he narrates to you?  He said: I said: Yea.  He said: So he says for the night that it is day and for the day that it is night?  He said: So I said to him: No.  He said: So he said: Return it to us, for if you gave the lie (to it, him) then you only gave us the lie.


(4) حدثنا محمد بن الحسين عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن حمزة بن بزيع عن على السنانى عن ابى الحسن ع انه كتب إليه في رسالة ولا تقل لما بلغك عنا أو نسب الينا هذا باطل وان كنت تعرفه خلافه فانك لا تدري لم قلنا وعلى أي وجه وصفة.


4 – Muhammad b. al-Husayn narrated to us from Muhammad b. Isma`il from Hamza b. Bazi` from `Ali the as-Sinani (the spearhead maker?) from Abu ‘l-Hasan عليه السلامthat he wrote to him in an epistle: And do not say for what reaches you from us and is attributed to us “this is false” even if you have known its opposite, for you do not know why we said (it) and upon which aspect and attribute.


(5) حدثنا احمد بن محمد عن محمد بن اسماعيل عن جعفر بن بشير عن ابى بصير عن ابى جعفر عليه السلام أو عن ابى عبد الله عليه السلام قال لا تكذبوا بحديث اتاكم احد فانكم لا تدرون لعله من الحق فتكذبوا الله فوق عرشه.


5 – Ahmad b. Muhammad narrated to us from Muhammad b. Isma`il from Ja`far b. Bashir from Abu Basir from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام or from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: Do not to give the lie to a hadith that comes to you, (any) one, for you do not know, perhaps it is from the truth so you would be giving the lie to Allah above His Throne.