al-Mukhtar b. Abi `Ubayda

المختار بن أبي عبيدة :


al-Mukhtar b. Abi `Ubayda


197- حمدويه، قال حدثني عن يعقوب، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن المثنى، عن سدير، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلامقال : لا تسبوا المختار فإنه قتل قتلتنا و طلب بثارنا و زوج أراملنا و قسم فينا المال على العسرة


197 – Hamdawayh said: He narrated to me from Ya`qub from Ibn Abi `Umayr from Hisham b. al-Muthanna from Sadir from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: Do not insult al-Mukhtar for verily he killed our killers and sought our revenge.  And he got our widows married and divided the property amongst us upon destitution.


198- محمد بن الحسن و عثمان بن حامد، قالا حدثنا محمد بن يزداد الرازي، عن محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، عن عبد الله المزخرف، عن حبيب الخثعمي، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلامقال : كان المختار يكذب على علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام). 


198 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan and `Uthman b. Hammad said: Muhammad b. Yazdad ar-Razi narrated to us from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi ‘l-Khattab from `Abdullah al-Mazkharaf from Habib al-Khath`ami from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: Mukhtar used to lie against (or, about) `Ali b. al-Husayn عليهما السلام.


199- محمد بن الحسن و عثمان بن حامد، قالا حدثنا محمد بن يزداد، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن موسى بن يسار، عن عبد الله بن الزبير، عن عبد الله بن شريك، قال : دخلنا على أبي جعفر (عليه السلاميوم النحر و هو متكئ و قد أرسل إلى الحلاق، فقعدت بين يديه إذ دخل عليه شيخ من أهل الكوفة فتناول يد ليقبلها فمنعه، ثم قال من أنت قال أنا أبو الحكم بن المختار بن أبي عبيد الثقفي، و كان متباعدا من أبي جعفر (عليه السلامفمد يده إليه حتى كاد يقعده في حجرة بعد منعه يده، ثم قال أصلحك الله إن الناس قد أكثروا في أبي و قالوا و القول و الله قولك قال و أي شي‏ء يقولون قال يقولون كذاب، و لا تأمرني بشي‏ء إلا قبلته، فقال سبحان الله أخبرني أبي و الله إن مهر أمي كان مما بعث به المختار أ و لم يبن دورنا و قتل قاتلنا و طلب بدمائنا فرحمه الله، و أخبرني و الله أبي أنه كان ليمر عند فاطمة بنت علي يمهدها الفراش و يثني لها الوسائد و منها أصاب الحديث، رحم الله أباك رحم الله أباك ما ترك لنا حقا عند أحد إلا طلبه قتل قتلتنا و طلب بدمائنا


199 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan and `Uthman b. Hammad said: Muhammad b. Yazdad narrated to us from Muhammad al-Husayn from Musa b. Yasar from `Abdullah b. az-Zubayr from `Abdullah b. Shurayk.  He said: We entered upon Abu Ja`far عليه السلام on the day of the slaughtering and he was reclining.  And he had sent to the barber, so we sat before him when an old man (shaykh) from the people of Kufa entered.  So he took his hand that he might kiss it but he prevented him.  Then he said: Who are you?  He said: I am Abu ‘l-Hakam the son of al-Mukhtar b. Abi` Ubayda ath-Thaqafi.  And he was separate from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام so he extended his hand to him so that he could sit in a chamber (?) after his preventing him (from) his hand.  Then he said: May Allah make you prosper, verily the people have (said) much in regards to my father, and they said that the saying, by Allah, is your saying.  He said: And what thing do they say?  He said: A liar.  And you will not command me to anything but that I will accept it.  So he said: Glorified be Allah, my father informed me, by Allah, that the mahr of my mother was from what al-Mukhtar sent.  And did he not build our homes, kill our killer and seek (revenge for) our bloods?  So may Allah have mercy on him.  And he informed me, by Allah, that he would pass by Fatima bint `Ali, smoothing the bed for her and folding the pillow for her, and from her befell (?) the hadith.  May Allah have mercy on your father.  May Allah have mercy on your father.  No right was left for us with anyone but that he sought it.  He killed our killers and sought (revenge for) our bloods.


200- جبريل بن أحمد، حدثني العبيدي، قال حدثني محمد بن عمرو، عن يونس بن يعقوب، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلامقال : كتب المختار بن أبي عبيد إلى علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلامو بعث إليه بهدايا من العراق، فلما وقفوا على باب علي بن الحسين دخل الآذن يستأذن لهم، فخرج إليهم رسوله فقال أميطوا عن بابي فإني لا أقبل هدايا الكذابين و لا أقرأ كتبهم، فمحوا العنوان و كتبوا المهدي محمد بن علي، فقال أبو جعفر و الله لقد كتب إليه بكتاب ما أعطاه فيه شيئا إنما كتب إليه يا ابن خير من طشى و مشى، فقال أبو بصير فقلت لأبي جعفر (عليه السلامأما المشي فأنا أعرفه فأي شي‏ء الطشي فقال أبو جعفر (عليه السلامالحياة


200 – Jibreel b. Ahmad.  al-`Ubaydi narrated to me from Muhammad b. `Amr from Yunus b. Ya`qub from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: al-Mukhtar b. Abi `Ubayd wrote to `Ali b. al-Husayn عليهما السلام and sent a gift to him from Iraq.  So when they stopped at the gate of `Ali b. al-Husayn, the chamberlain entered asking permission for them.  So his messenger went out to them and said: Remove yourselves from my gate, for verily I do not accept the gifts of liars and I do not read their writings.  So they erased the address and wrote “The Mahdi is Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya.”  So Abu Ja`far said: By Allah, he had written a writing to him not giving him anything in it.  He only wrote to him: O son of the best who lived and walked (ya ibn khayr man tasha wa masha).  So Abu Basir said: So I said to Abu Ja`far عليه السلام: As to walking then I recognize it.  So what is at-tashi?  So Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: Life.


201- جبريل بن أحمد، قال حدثني العبيدي، قال حدثني علي بن أسباط، عن عبد الرحمن بن حماد، عن علي بن حزور، عن الأصبغ، قال : رأيت المختار على فخذ أمير المؤمنين (عليه السلامو هو يمسح رأسه و يقول يا كيس يا كيس


201 – Jibreel b. Ahmad said.  al-`Ubaydi narrated to me.  He said: `Ali b. Asbat narrated to me from `Abd ar-Rahman b. Hammad from `Ali b. Haruz from al-Asbagh.  He said: I saw al-Mukhtar upon the lap of Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام and he was wiping his head and saying: O Kays, O Kays.


202- إبراهيم بن محمد الختلي، قال حدثني أحمد بن إدريس القمي، قال حدثني محمد بن أحمد، قال حدثني الحسن بن علي الكوفي، عن العباس بن عامر، عن سيف بن عميرة، عن جارود بن المنذر، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلامقال : ما امتشطت فينا هاشمية و لا اختضبت حتى بعث إلينا المختار برءوس الذين قتلوا الحسين (عليه السلام) . 


202 – Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Khatali said: Ahmad b. Idris al-Qummi narrated to me.  He said: Muhammad b. Ahmad narrated to me.  He said: al-Hasan b. `Ali al-Kufi narrated to me from al-`Abbas b. `Amir from Sayf b. `Umayra from Jarud b. al-Mundhir from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: No Hashimid woman amongst us combed her hair or dyed until al-Mukhtar sent to us the heads of those who killed al-Husayn عليه السلام.


203- حدثني محمد بن مسعود، قال حدثني أبو الحسن علي بن أبي علي الخزاعي، قال حدثني خالد بن يزيد العمري المكي، قال الحسين بن زيد بن علي بن الحسين، قال حدثني عمر بن علي بن الحسين : أن علي بن الحسين (عليه السلاملما أتي برأس عبيد الله بن زياد و رأس عمر بن سعد، قال فخر ساجدا و قال الحمد لله الذي أدرك لي ثاري من أعدائي، و جزى الله المختار خيرا


203 – Muhammad b. Mas`ud narrated to me.  He said: Abu ‘l-Hasan `Ali b. Abi `Ali al-Khuza`i narrated to me.  He said: Khalid b. Yazid al-`Umri al-Makki narrated to me.  He said: al-Husayn b. Zayd b. `Ali b. al-Husayn said: `Umar b. `Ali b. al-Husayn narrated to me that when `Ali b. al-Husayn عليه السلام was brought the head of `Ubaydullah b. Ziyad and the head of `Umar b. Sa`d, he said he fell down in prostration.  And he said: Praise be to Allah who has obtained (?) for me my revenge from my enemies, and may Allah reward al-Mukhtar well.


204- محمد بن مسعود، قال حدثني ابن أبي علي الخزاعي، قال خالد بن يزيد العمري، عن الحسين بن زيد، عن عمر بن علي : إن المختار أرسل إلى علي بن الحسين (عليه السلامبعشرين ألف دينار، فقبلها و بنا بها دار عقيل بن أبي طالب و دارهم التي هدمت، قال، ثم إنه بعث إليه بأربعين ألف دينار بعد ما أظهر الكلام الذي أظهره، فردها و لم يقبلها


204 – Muhammad b. Mas`ud said: Ibn Abi `Ali al-Khuza`i narrated to me.  He said: Khalid b. Yazid al-`Umri said from al-Husayn b. Zayd from `Umar b. `Ali: al-Mukhtar sent twenty thousand dinar to `Ali b. al-Husayn عليه السلام.  So he accepted it and built with it the home of `Aqil b. Abi Talib and their home that had been destroyed.  He said: Then he sent forty thousand dinar to him after he exhibited the speech (i.e. the doctrinal claims) that he exhibited. So he gave it back and did not accept it.


و المختار هو الذي دعا الناس إلى محمد بن علي بن أبي طالب ابن الحنفية، و سموا الكيسانية و هم المختارية و كان لقبه كيسان، و لقب بكيسان لصاحب شرطه المكنى أبا عمرة و كان اسمه كيسان، و قيل إنه سمي كيسان بكيسان مولى علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلامو هو الذي حمله على الطلب بدم الحسين (عليه السلامو دله على قتلته و كان صاحب سره و الغالب على أمره، و كان لا يبلغه عن رجل من أعداء الحسين (عليه السلامأنه في دار أو في موضع إلا قصده فهدم الدار بأسرها و قتل كل من فيها من ذي روح، و كل دار بالكوفة خراب فهي مما هدمها، و أهل الكوفة يضربون بها المثل، فإذا افتقر إنسان قالوا دخل أبو عمرة بيته، حتى قال فيه الشاعر :


إبليس بما فيه خير من أبي عمرة *** يغويك و يطغيك و لا يطغيك كسره


And al-Mukhtar is the one who called the people to Muhammad b. `Ali b. Abi Talib, Ibn al-Hanafiyya.  And they were called the Kaysaniyya, and they are the Mukhtariyya.  He had the laqab of Kaysan.  And the chief of his police, who had the kunya of Abu `Amra, had the laqab of Kaysan, and his name was Kaysan.  And it is said that he was named Kaysan by Kaysan the client of `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام, and he was the one who charged him with seeking (revenge for) the blood of al-Husayn عليه السلام, and he showed him his killers.  And he was the companion of his secret and the dominant over his affair.  And he would not be informed about a man from the enemies of al-Husayn عليه السلام that he was in a home or in a place but that he would seek him out with and destroy his home with his household and kill everyone who was alive in it.  And every ruined home in Kufa was from what he destroyed.  The people of Kufa have struck a saying for it, so when a person becomes impoverished they say: Abu `Amra entered his house.  Even the poet has said in regards to him:

Iblis with what he is in is better than Abu `Amra *** He tempts you and tyrannizes you but his breakage does not tyrannize you