Ithna ʿAshariyya‎ > ‎Wasā’il al-Shīʿa‎ > ‎Divorce‎ > ‎`Idda‎ > ‎

Chapter 36

If one of the spouses dies while the woman is observing `idda from divorce


[ 28512 ] 1 ـ محمّد بن يعقوب ، عن محمّد بن يحيى ، عن عبدالله بن محمّد بن عيسى ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن هشام بن سالم ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) في رجل كانت تحته امرأة فطلّقها ، ثمّ مات قبل أن تنقضي عدتها ، قال : تعتد أبعد الاجلين عدة المتوفى عنها زوجها .


1 – Muhammad b. Ya`qub from Muhammad b. Yahya from `Abdullah b. Muhammad b. `Isa from Ibn Abi `Umayr from Hisham b. Salim from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding a man under who there is wife and he divorced her, then he died prior to her `idda ending.  He said: She observes `idda by the furthest of the two terms, the `idda of the one whose husband has died.


[ 28513 ] 2 ـ وعن حميد ، عن ابن سماعة ، عن محمّد بن زياد ، عن عبدالله بن سنان ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : قضى أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) في رجل طلق امرأته ، ثمّ توفّي عنها ، وهي في عدتها ، قال : ترثه ، وإن توفيت وهي في عدّتها ، فإنه يرثها ، وكل واحد منهما يرث من دية صاحبه ما لم يقتل أحدهما الآخر . وزاد فيه محمّد بن أبي حمزة : وتعتد عدة المتوفى عنها زوجها .

قال الحسن بن سماعة : هذا الكلام سقط من كتاب ابن زياد ، ولا أظنه إلا وقد رواه .


2 – And from Humayd from Ibn Sama`a from Muhammad b. Ziyad from `Abdullah b. Sinan from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام ruled regarding a man who divorced his wife, then he died while she was still in her `idda.  He said: She inherits from him, and if she died while she was in her `idda then he would inherit from her.  And each one of them inherits the diyya of their companion so long as one of them did not kill the other.  

And Muhammad b. Abi Hamza added in it: And she observes the `idda of one whose husband has died.

al-Hasan b. Sama`a said: This speech is dropped from the book of Ibn Ziyad, and I do not deem it except that he has narrated it.


[ 28514 ] 3 ـ وعن علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي نجران ، وأحمد بن محمّد بن أبي نصر ، عن عاصم بن حميد ، عن محمّد بن قيس ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : سمعته يقول : أيما امرأة طلّقت ، ثمّ توفّي عنها زوجها قبل أن تنقضي عدتها ولم تحرم عليه ، فانها ترثه ، ثمّ تعتد عدة المتوفى عنها زوجها ، وإن توفيت وهي في عدتها ولم تحرم عليه ، فإنّه يرثها .


3 – And from `Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi Najran and Ahmad b. Muhamamd b. Abi Nasr from `Asim b. Humayd from Muhammad b. Qays from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: I heard him saying: Whichever woman is divorced, then her husband dies on her prior to her `idda ending and she not having become forbidden to him, she inherits from him, then she observes `idda by the `idda of the one whose husband has died.  And if she died while she was in her `idda and had not become forbidden to him, he inherits from her.


[ 28515 ] 4 ـ ورواه الشيخ بإسناده عن الحسين بن سعيد ، عن النضر ابن سويد وأحمد بن محمّد ، عن عاصم بن حميد مثله ، وزاد : وإن قتل ورثت من ديته ، وإن قتلت ورث من ديتها ، ما لم يقتل أحدهما الآخر .


4 – And the Shaykh narrated it by his isnad from al-Husayn b. Sa`id from an-Nadr b. Suwayd and Ahmad b. Muhammad from `Asim b. Humayd likewise, and he added: And if he is killed, she inherits from his diyya, and if she is killed, he inherits from her diyya, so long as the one of them did not kill the other.


[ 28516 ] 5 ـ وعنه ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن جميل بن دراج ، عن بعض أصحابنا ، عن أحدهما ( عليهما السلام ) في رجل طلق امرأته طلاقا يملك فيه الرجعة ، ثمّ مات عنها ، قال : تعتد بأبعد الأجلين ، أربعة أشهر وعشرا .

ورواه الشيخ بإسناده عن محمّد بن يعقوب ، وكذا كل ما قبله .


5 – And from him from his father from Ibn Abi `Umayr from Jamil b. Darraj from one of our companions from one of the two of them عليهما السلام regarding a man who divorced his wife with a divorce in which he possesses (the right of) return, then he died on her.  He said: She observes `idda with the furthest of the two terms, four months and ten (days).

And the Shaykh narrated it by his isnad from Muhammad b. Ya`qub, and thus all that was prior to it.


[ 28518 ] 7 ـ محمّد بن الحسن بإسناده عن علي بن إسماعيل الميثمّي ، عن حماد ، عن عبدالله بن المغيرة ، عن ابن سنان ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) في رجل طلّق امرأته ، ثمّ توفّي عنها وهي في عدتها ، فانّها ترثه ، وتعتد عدة المتوفى عنها زوجها ، وإن توفيت هي في عدتها فانه يرثها ، وكل واحد منهما يرث من دية صاحبه لو قتل ، ما لم يقتل أحدهما الآخر .


7 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan by his isnad from `Ali b. Isma`il al-Mithami from Hammad from `Abdullah b. al-Mughira from Ibn Sinan from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding a man who divorced his wife then he died on her while she was in her `idda, she inherits from him and she observes the `idda of the one whose husband has died.  And if she died while she was in her `idda, he inherits from her.  And each of them inherits from the diyya of their companion if they are killed, so long as the one does not kill the other.


[ 28519 ] 8 ـ وبإسناده عن علي بن الحسن بن فضال ، عن أخويه ، عن عاصم بن حميد ، عن محمّد بن قيس ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : قضى في المرأة إذا طلّقها ، ثمّ توفي عنها زوجها وهي في عدة منه ما لم تحرم عليه ، فانها ترثه ويرثها ما دامت في الدم من حيضتها الثالثة في التطليقتين الأوّلتين ، فان طلقها ثلاثا فانها لا ترث من زوجها ، ولا يرث منها ، فان قتلت ورث من ديتها ، وإن قتل ورثت من ديته ، ما لم يقتل أحدهما صاحبه .


8 – And by his isnad from `Ali b. al-Hasan b. Faddal from his brothers from `Asim b. Humayd from Muhammad b. Qays from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: He ruled regarding the woman who when he divorced her, then her husband died on her while she was in an `idda while she was not forbidden to him, so she inherits from him so long as she is in the blood from her third menstruation in the first two divorcings.  So if he divorced her thrice, then she does not inherit from her husband, and he does not inherit from her.  So if she was killed, he inherits from her diyya, and he was killed she inherits from his diyya, so long as the one of them had not killed their companion.


[ 28520 ] 9 ـ محمّد بن علي بن الحسين بإسناده ، عن سماعة قال : سألته عن رجل طلق امرأته ، ثمّ إنه مات قبل أن تنقضي عدتها ؟ قال : تعتد عدة المتوفى عنها زوجها ، ولها الميراث .


9 – Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn by his isnad from Sama`a.  He said: I asked him about a man who divorced his wife, then he died prior to her `idda ending?  He said: She observes `idda with the `idda of the woman whose husband has died, and she has the inheritance.