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30

أَوَلَم يَرَ الَّذينَ كَفَروا أَنَّ السَّماواتِ وَالأَرضَ كانَتا رَتقًا فَفَتَقناهُما وَجَعَلنا مِنَ الماءِ كُلَّ شَيءٍ حَيٍّ أَفَلا يُؤمِنونَ ﴿٣٠﴾

 

30 – Have not the unbelievers seen that the Heavens and the Earth were a ratq so We rent them asunder and We made from water every living thing, will they not then believe?

 

Translator’s note: A ratq is something that is closed up, sewn up, while a fatq (for which there is the verb fataqa as in the aya) is a rip, rent, fissure, tear.


وقوله: { وجعلنا من الماء كل شيء حي أفلا يؤمنون } قال: نسب كل شيء إلى الماء ولم يجعل للماء نسباً إلى غيره.

 

Tafsir al-Qummi: And His saying “and We made from water every living thing, will they not then believe?” He said: He attributed everything to water did not make an attribution for the water to other than it.

 

عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري: بإسناده عن الحسين بن علوان، عن جعفر (عليه السلام)، قال: كنت عنده جالسا إذ جاء رجل فسأله عن طعم الماء، و كانوا يظنون أنه زنديق، فأقبل أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام) يصوب «2» فيه و يصعد، ثم قال له: «ويلك، طعم الماء طعم الحياة، إن الله عز و جل يقول: وَ جَعَلْنا مِنَ الْماءِ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ حَيٍّ أَ فَلا يُؤْمِنُونَ».

 

Qurb al-Isnad: `Abdullah b. Ja`far al-Himyari by his isnad from al-Husayn b. `Alwan from Ja`far عليه السلام.  He said: I was with him sitting when a man came and asked him about the taste of water.  And they were thinking he was a heretic (zindiq).  So Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام drew near descending down in it and he ascended (?).  Then he said to him: Woe be to you, the taste of water is the taste of life.  Allah عز و جل says “and We made from water every living thing”.

 

7138/ [6]- الطبرسي: روى العياشي بإسناده عن الحسين بن علوان، قال سئل أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام) عن طعم الماء، فقال: «سل تفقها و لا تسأل تعنتا «3»، طعم الماء طعم الحياة، قال الله سبحانه: وَ جَعَلْنا مِنَ الْماءِ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ حَيٍّ أَ فَلا يُؤْمِنُونَ».

 

Majma` al-Bayan: al-`Ayyashi narrated by his isnad from al-Husayn b. `Alwan.  He said: Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام was asked about the taste of water.  So he said: Ask out of seeking understanding, and do not ask out of obstinacy.  The taste of water is the taste of life.  Allah سبحانه said “and We made from water every living thing, will they not believe?”