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253

تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ مِّنْهُم مَّن كَلَّمَ اللَّـهُ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ دَرَجَاتٍ وَآتَيْنَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّـهُ مَا اقْتَتَلَ الَّذِينَ مِن بَعْدِهِم مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَلَـكِنِ اخْتَلَفُوا فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ آمَنَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن كَفَرَ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّـهُ مَا اقْتَتَلُوا وَلَـكِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يُرِيدُ ﴿٢٥٣﴾


253 – Those Messengers, some We have preferred above others; some there are to whom Allah spoke, and some He raised in rank. And We gave `Isa son of Maryam the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy Spirit. And had Allah willed, those who came after him would not have fought one against the other after the clear signs had come to them; but they fell into variance, and some of them believed, and some disbelieved.  And had Allah willed they would not have fought, however Allah does whatever He intends.


علي بن بلال، عن محمد بن الحسين بن حميد اللخمي ، عن سليمان بن الربيع، عن نصر بن مزاحم عن يحيى بن يعلى الأسلمي، عن علي بن الحزور، عن الأصبغ بن نباتة، قال: جاء رجل إلى علي (عليه السلام) بالبصرة فقال: يا أمير المؤمنين، هؤلاء القوم الذين نقاتلهم، الدعوة واحدة، والرسول واحد، والصلاة واحدة، والحج واحد، فبم نسميهم؟ قال: " سمهم بما سماهم الله تعالى في كتابه " فقال: ما كل ما في كتاب الله اعلمه، فقال: " أما سمعت الله تعالى يقول في كتابه: ﴿تلك الرسل فضلنا بعضهم على بعض منهم من كلم الله ورفع بعضهم درجات وآتينا عيسى ابن مريم البينات وأيدناه بروح القدس ولو شاء الله ما اقتتل الذين من بعدهم من بعد ما جاءتهم البينات ولكن اختلفوا فمنهم من آمن ومنهم من كفر، فلما وقع الاختلاف كنا نحن أولى بالله عز وجل، وبدينه، وبالنبي (صلى الله عليه وآله)، وبالكتاب، وبالحق، فنحن الذين آمنوا، وهم الذين كفروا، وشاء الله منا قتالهم، فقاتلناهم بمشيئته وأمره وإرادته ".


[al-Ikhtisas] From `Ali b. Bilal from Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Humayd al-Lakhmi from Sulayman b. ar-Rabi` from Nasr b. Muzahim from Yahya b. Ya`la al-Aslami from `Ali b. al-Hazur from al-Asbagh b. Nabata.  He said: A man came to `Ali in Basra, and said: O Amir al-Mu’mineen, these people who we fight, the calling is one, the Messenger is one, the salat is one, and the hajj is one.  So what do we call them?  He said: Call them by what Allah تعالى called them in His Book.  So he said: I do not know all that is in the Book of Allah.  So he said: Have you not heard Allah تعالى saying in His book “Those Messengers, some We have preferred above others; some there are to whom Allah spoke, and some He raised in rank. And We gave `Isa son of Maryam the clear signs, and confirmed him with the Holy Spirit. And had Allah willed, those who came after him would not have fought one against the other after the clear signs had come to them; but they fell into variance, and some of them believed, and some disbelieved” So when the variance occurred, we were the worthiest with Allah عز وجل, with His religion, with the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله, with the Book, and with the truth, so we are those who believed, while they are those who disbelieved.  And Allah willed fighting them from us, so we fought them by His will and His command and His volition.