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al-Ma'ida

ومن سورة المائدة [5] 

From Sura al-Ma’ida

 

{ يَا أَيُّهَآ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ هَمَّ قَوْمٌ أَن يَبْسُطُواْ إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَكَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنكُمْ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ }

حَدَّثَنا عَلِيُّ بنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قالَ: حَدَّثني الحِبَريُّ، قالَ: حَدَّثَنا حَسَنُ بنُ حُسَيْنٍ، قالَ: حَدَّثَنا حِبَّانُ، عن الكَلْبيّ، عن أبي صَالِحٍ، عن ابنِ عَبّاس: { يَا أَيُّهَآ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ هَمَّ قَوْمٌ أَن يَبْسُطُواْ إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَكَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنكُمْ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ }. نَزَلَتْ في رَسُولِ الله صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ [وَآلِهِ] وَعَلِيٍّ (وَزِيْرِهِ حِيْنَ أَتَاهُمْ يَسْتَعِيْنُهُمْ في الْقَتِيْلَيْنِ).

 

O you who believe, remember Allah's favour upon you, when a people intended to stretch their hands forth against you, but He withheld their hands from you.  Fear Allah then, and upon Allah let believers rely. (5:11)

`Ali b. Muhammad narrated to us.  He said: al-Hibari narrated to me.  He said: Hasan b. Husayn narrated to us.  He said: Hibban narrated to us from al-Kalbi from Abu Salih from Ibn `Abbas: “O you who believe, remember Allah's favour upon you, when a people intended to stretch their hands forth against you, but He withheld their hands from you.  Fear Allah then, and upon Allah let believers rely” was revealed regarding the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله and `Ali [his wazir when he came to them (the Banu Nadir) seeking their help regarding the two that were killed in battle].

 

{ إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ }

حَدَّثَنا عَلِيُّ بنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قالَ:حَدَّثَني الحِبَريُّ، قالَ حَدَّثَنا يَحْيَى بنُ عَبْدِ الحَمِيْدِ، قالَ: حَدَّثَنا مُوْسَى بنُ مطير، عن المِنْهال بنُ عَمْر [و]، عن عَبْدِ الله بنِ مُحَمَّدِ بنِ الحَنَفِيَّةِ، قالَ: كَانَ عَلِيٌّ عليهِ السَّلامُ يُصَلِّي إذْ جَاءَ سَائِلٌ فَسَأَلَهُ، فَقَالَ بِإصْبِعِهِ، فَمَدَّهَا، فَأَعْطَى السَّائِلَ خَاتَماً، فَجَاءَ السَّائِلُ اِلى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ [وَآلِهِ]، فَقَالَ: هَلْ أَعْطاكَ أَحَدٌ شَيْئاً؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْفَنَزَلتْ فِيْهِ: { إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ.. { .

حَدَّثَنا عَلِيٌّ بنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قالَ:حَدَّثَني الحِبَريُّ، قالَحَدَّثَنا حَسَنُ بنُ حُسَيْن، قالَ: حَدَّثَنا حِبّانٌ، عن الكَلْبيّ، عن أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عن ابنِ عَبَّاسٍ، في قَوْلِهِإِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ ٱلزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ .نَزَلَتْ فِي عَلِيٍّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ خَاصَّةً.

 

Your wali is only Allah, and His Messenger, and those who believe, those who establish the salat and give the zakat while they bow. (5:55)

`Ali b. Muhammad narrated to us.  He said: al-Hibari narrated to us.  He said: Yahya b. `Abd al-Hamid narrated to us.  He said: Musa b. Matir narrated to us from al-Minhal b. `Amr [and] from `Abdullah b. Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya.  He said: `Ali عليه السلام was praying when a beggar came and begged him.  So he said by his finger, and extended it, and gave the beggar a ring.  So the beggar came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله and he said: Did anyone give you anything? He said: Yes.  So it was sent down regarding him “Your wali is only Allah, and His Messenger…”

`Ali b. Muhammad narrated to us.  He said: al-Hibari narrated to me.  He said: Hasan b. Husayn narrated to us.  He said: Hibban narrated to us from al-Kalbi from Abu Salih from Ibn `Abbas regarding His saying “Your wali is only Allah, and His Messenger, and those who believe, those who establish the salat and give the zakat while they bow”: It was sent down regarding `Ali عليه السلام specifically.

 

}وَمَن يَتَوَلَّ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ فَإِنَّ حِزْبَ ٱللَّهِ هُمُ ٱلْغَالِبُونَ{

وَقَوْلُهُ:} وَمَن يَتَوَلَّ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ... {.عَلِيٌّ بنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ.

 

And whoever takes Allah and His Messenger and those who believe as wali, then verily the party of Allah they are the victorious. (5:56)

And His saying “And whoever takes Allah and His Messenger and those who believe as wali”: `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام.