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at-Tawba

وَمِنْ سُوْرَةِ التَّوْبَةِ [9]

From Sura at-Tawba

 

{ بَرَآءَةٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى ٱلَّذِينَ عَاهَدْتُمْ مِّنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ }

حَدَّثَنَا عَليُّ بنُ محَمَّدٍ، قالَ:حَدَّثَني الحُسَيْنُ بنُ الحَكَمِ الحِبَرِيُّ، قالَ:حَدَّثَنا حَسَنُ بنُ حُسَيْنٍ، قالَ: حَدَّثَنَا حِبَّانٌ، عن الكَلْبِيّ، عن أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَن:ابنِ عَبَّاسٍ:{ بَرَآءَةٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى ٱلَّذِينَ عَاهَدْتُمْ مِّنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ }. نَزَلَتْ في مُشْرِكِيْ الْعَرَبِ غَيْرَ بَنِي ضُمْرَة.

 

An immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those from the mushrikeen with whom you have made a treaty. (9:1)

`Ali b. Muhammad narrated to us.  He said: al-Husayn b. al-Hakam al-Hibari narrated to me.  He said: Hasan b. Husayn narrated to us.  He said: Hibban narrated to us from al-Kalbi from Abu Salih from Ibn `Abbas: “An immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those from the mushrikeen with whom you have made a treaty” It was sent down regarding the mushrikeen of the Arabs other than the Banu Dumra.

 

{ وَأَذَانٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى ٱلنَّاسِ يَوْمَ ٱلْحَجِّ ٱلأَكْبَرِ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَرِيۤءٌ مِّنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَرَسُولُهُ فَإِن تُبْتُمْ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَإِن تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَٱعْلَمُوۤاْ أَنَّكُمْ  غَيْرُ مُعْجِزِي ٱللَّهِ وَبَشِّرِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ }

وَقَوْلُهُ:{ وَأَذَانٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى ٱلنَّاسِ يَوْمَ ٱلْحَجِّ ٱلأَكْبَرِ }. والمُوَذِّنُ ـ يَوْمَئِذٍ ـ عَن الله وَرَسُولِهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ [وَآلِهِ] وَسَلَّمَ عَلِيٌّ بنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ، أَذَّنَ بِأَرْبَعٍ: لا يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ اِلاَّ مُؤْمِنٌ. وَلا يَطُوْفَنَّ بِالبَيْتِ عُرْيانٌ. وَمَنْ كَانَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ رَسُولِ الله صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ [وَآلِهِ] أَجَلٌ فَأَجَلُهُ اِلى مُدَّتِهِ. وَلَكُمْ أَنْ تَسِيْحُوْا فِي الأَرْضِ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ.

 

And a proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater hajj, that Allah is clear of the mushrikeen as is His Messenger. If then you repent it is better for you; but if you turn away, then know that you cannot make Allah helpless. Give to those who disbelieve tidings of grievous punishment. (9:3)

And His saying “And a proclamation from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater hajj”, and the proclaimer that day from Allah and His Messenger  صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم  was `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام.  He proclaimed four (things): none but a believer enters the Garden, not to do tawaf of the House (the Ka`ba) naked, whoever between whom he and the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله there is a term then his term is to its duration, and it is (allowed) for you to journey in the land for four months.

 

 

{ مَا كَانَ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ أَن يَعْمُرُواْ مَسَٰجِدَ ٱللهِ شَٰهِدِينَ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِالْكُفْرِ أُوْلَئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَٰلُهُمْ وَفِي ٱلنَّارِ هُمْ خَٰلِدُونَ }

وفي قَوْلِهِ: { مَا كَانَ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ أَن يَعْمُرُواْ مَسَاجِدَ الله شَاهِدِينَ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِهِمْ بِالْكُفْرِ }. نَزَلَتْ في العَبَّاسِ بنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ، وابنِ أَبي طَلحْةَ بنِ عُثْمانَ مِنْ بَنِي عَبْدِ الدَّارِ.

 

It is not for mushrikeen to repair to the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves to unbelief; they it is whose works are vain, and in the Fire shall they dwell forever. (9:17)

And His saying “It is not for mushrikeen to repair to the mosques of Allah, bearing witness against themselves to unbelief”. It was sent down regarding al-`Abbas b. `Abd al-Muttalib and Ibn Abi Talha b. `Uthman from the Banu `Abd ad-Dar.

 

{ إِنَّمَا يَعْمُرُ مَسَٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ مَنْ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلآخِرِ وَأَقَامَ ٱلصَّلَٰوةَ وَءَاتَىٰ ٱلزَّكَٰوةَ وَلَمْ يَخْشَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهَ فَعَسَىٰ أُوْلَـٰئِكَ أَن يَكُونُواْ مِنَ ٱلْمُهْتَدِينَ }

وَقولُهُ: { إِنَّمَا يَعْمُرُ مَسَاجِدَ ٱللَّهِ مَنْ آمَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلآخِرِ وَأَقَامَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَآتَىٰ ٱلزَّكَاةَ وَلَمْ يَخْشَ إِلاَّ ٱللَّهَ فَعَسَىٰ أُوْلَـٰئِكَ أَن يَكُونُواْ مِنَ ٱلْمُهْتَدِينَ }. نَزَلَتْ فِي عَلِيٍّ بنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ خَاصَّةً.

 

He only shall repair to the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the last day, and establishes the salat, and gives the zakat, and fears only Allah; it may be that these will be of those who are guided. (9:18)

And His saying “He only shall repair to the mosques of Allah who believes in Allah and the last day, and establishes the salat, and gives the zakat, and fears only Allah; it may be that these will be of those who are guided” It was sent down regarding `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام specifically.

 

{ أَجَعَلْتُمْ سِقَايَةَ ٱلْحَاجِّ وَعِمَارَةَ ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ كَمَنْ آمَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلآخِرِ وَجَاهَدَ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ لاَ يَسْتَوُونَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي ٱلْقَوْمَ ٱلظَّالِمِينَ }

وَقَوْلُهُ: { أَجَعَلْتُمْ سِقَايَةَ ٱلْحَاجِّ وَعِمَارَةَ ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ }. نَزَلَتْ في ابنِ أَبِي طَلْحَة [من] الحَجَبَةِ خَاصَّةً.  { كَمَنْ آمَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلآخِرِ }. في ابنِ أبي طَالبٍ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ.

 

Have you made out the giving drink to the pilgrims and the repairing to the Sacred Mosque to be like being one who believes in Allah and in the last day, and strives in the way of Allah? They are not equal in Allah’s sight, and Allah guides not an unjust people. (9:19)

And His saying “Have you made out the giving drink to the pilgrims and the repairing to the Sacred Mosque” It was revealed regarding Ibn Abi Talha [from] the doorkeepers specifically, “to be like being one who believes in Allah and in the last day” regarding Ibn Abi Talib عليه السلام.

 

{ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَاهَدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَأُوْلَـٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَائِزُونَ } * { يُبَشِّرُهُمْ رَبُّهُم بِرَحْمَةٍ مِّنْهُ وَرِضْوَانٍ وَجَنَّاتٍ لَّهُمْ فِيهَا نَعِيمٌ مُّقِيمٌ }

وَقَوْلِهِ: { ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَاهَدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَأُوْلَـٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْفَائِزُونَ يُبَشِّرُهُمْ رَبُّهُم بِرَحْمَةٍ مِّنْهُ وَرِضْوَانٍ وَجَنَّاتٍ لَّهُمْ فِيهَا نَعِيمٌ مُّقِيمٌ }. نَزَلَتْ في عَلِيِّ بنِ أَبي طَالِبٍ خَاصَّةً.

 

Those who believe and who have emigrated and have striven in the way of Allah, with their wealth and with their selves, are highest in rank with Allah, and these it is who are the successful.  Their Lord gives them tidings of mercy from Himself, and goodwill; and gardens shall they have therein and lasting bliss. (9:20-21)

And His saying “Those who believe and who have emigrated and have striven in the way of Allah, with their wealth and with their selves, are highest in rank with Allah, and these it is who are the successful.  Their Lord gives them tidings of mercy from Himself, and goodwill; and gardens shall they have therein and lasting bliss.” It was revealed regarding `Ali b. Abi Talib specifically.

 

{ يَـٰأيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلصَّادِقِينَ }

وفي قوْلِهِ:{ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلصَّادِقِينَ }. نَزَلَتْ في عَلِيِّ بنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ خَاصَّةَ.

 

O you who believe, fear Allah and be with the truthful ones. (9:119)

And regarding His saying “O you who believe, fear Allah and be with the truthful ones.” It was sent down regarding `Ali b. Abi Talib specifically.